11.The distinctive feature of this flower is the colorful bracts (red, pink, yellow, cream, etc.).
The bracts are arranged in a characteristic star shape. The actual flowers are small and inconspicuous, hidden among the bracts.
12.More than a hundred varieties of poinsettias are known.
The newest ones have spotted or crimson leaves.
13.Poinsettias, like other plants in the spurge family, contain significant amounts of latex.
People with allergies must beware of it, because 40% of contacts with the plant, develop an allergic reaction (cutaneous or asthmatic). Two allergenic proteins have also been found in the plant. There is also a widespread legend about the plant toxicity which is not true. Consumption of the plant is not associated with poisoning, only gastrointestinal upset, nausea and vomiting may occur, but this is not toxic.
14.The poinsettia, outside its natural habitat, is grown as a potted flower and various chemicals are used to limit its growth.
In the tropical and subtropical regions this species is cultivated as an ornamental garden plant. In natural habitat it is a woody plant (shrub or low tree) 1-3 m (3,3 - 10 ft.) tall, with shoots at the base up to 8 cm (3.14 inch) in diameter.
15.Poinsettia, in addition to its decorative value, serves as a medicinal, cosmetic and dye plant.
In Mexico and Guatemala, the milky sap from poinsettias was used as shaving cream. In Guatemala, the sap was also used as a remedy for toothaches and as a vomiting remedy. To relieve pain, poultices were made from the leaves, and between the 13th and 16th centuries red dye was obtained from the pods. A decoction of the pods and flowers is used by breastfeeding women as a substance to increase lactation. Poinsettia leaves are also believed to have abortifacient properties. Alcoholic extracts of the plant have a proven antibacterial effect.
Pick random facts 16.The Legend of the Poinsettia.
A poor girl on her way to church picked a plant that grew by the roadside to decorate the altar on the day Jesus was born. She could not afford decorations, so she thought that Jesus, for whom sincere intentions not material values are important, would be pleased by what nature gave. One day, the green, inconspicuous leaves of the plant turned a beautiful red and since that day, the plant has been called Flor de Nochebuena - the Christmas flower.
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16 facts about Poinsettia