Common garlic (Allium sativum) is a perennial plant belonging to the allium subfamily (Allioideae Herbert), included in the Amaryllidaceae family.

An excerpt from the article 20 facts about garlic

There are about 800 species here, of which about 690 belong to the garlic genus. Representatives of this genus are distributed on all continents of the Northern Hemisphere and are also found in very scattered areas in the equatorial zone and in South Africa in the other hemisphere. Many species of the garlic genus are popular vegetables, many species are cultivated as ornamental plants.