There are 1.42 billion people in the People's Republic of China.

An excerpt from the article 30 facts about China

It is a country that ranks first in terms of population in the world. Right behind China is India, which, according to estimates, may overtake China in terms of population as early as 2023.

The natural increase in China in 2021 was 0.034%, in India in the same year it was as much as 0.68%.