Czech Republic

At the end of the 18th century, with the spread of Romanticism, the Czech National Revival movement emerged.

An excerpt from the article 27 facts about Czech Republic

After 1848, leading representatives of the Czech National Revival increased their political efforts to obtain greater autonomy for the Czech lands within the Habsburg Monarchy.

The outbreak of World War I opened the possibility of gaining full independence and establishing a sovereign state. In 1915, representatives of the Czech Republic and Slovakia declared their goal to create a common state based on the people's right to self-determination.

After the surrender of Austria-Hungary three years later, the Czechoslovak Republic became a reality. It lasted 20 years (the so-called Second Polish Republic) and ended with the outbreak of World War II.