Uganda is located in the African Great Lakes Region.

An excerpt from the article 32 facts about Uganda

It is a cluster of lakes in East Africa that fill the tectonic depressions of the Great Rift Valley (a set of meridionally extended tectonic trenches - rifts).

Traditionally, the Great African Lakes include Lake Victoria, Lake Albert, Lake Edward, Tanganyika, and Kivu. Some consider only those located in the Nile basin (the first three) to be the Great African Lakes.