The central square of the city is Marienplatz, which is surrounded by the city's oldest monuments.

An excerpt from the article 22 facts about Munich

The history of the square dates back to the 12th century, although it has been named only since 1807. Previously, it was called simply "Markth", which meant market, and then "Schrannenplatz", i.e. grain market. It gained its current name thanks to the Mariensäule column, which was erected on the market square in 1638 to celebrate the end of the Swedish occupation.