Albania, although a small country, is characterized by a significant wealth of ecosystems and habitats on land and sea.

An excerpt from the article 25 facts about Albania

The most widespread terrestrial ecosystem is forests, which cover 36% of the country's area. The forests of northern Albania are similar to those of continental Europe, and the forests of southern Albania resemble those of the Mediterranean Basin.

They are dominated by deciduous trees (56.8%). These are mainly oaks (12 species) and beeches (18.4%). Coniferous forests constitute 16.4% of the total forest area. They are dominated by black pine, which is one of the most important tree species in the country.

Albania has a wealth of wetland ecosystems supporting diverse and unique habitats. The richest wetland regions are found in particular on the coastal plain.