During the Middle Ages, the Principality of Arbanon (Arbër) and the Sicilian union known as the Medieval Kingdom of Albania were established.

An excerpt from the article 25 facts about Albania

Some areas became part of the Venetian Empire and later Serbia. Between the 14th and 15th centuries, most of modern Albania was dominated by the Albanian principalities until their fall due to the invasion of the Ottoman Empire.

Albania remained under Ottoman control until 1912 when the first independent Albanian state was established.