The national dish of Peruvians is cuy - guinea pig.

An excerpt from the article 43 facts about Peru

Guinea pigs have been bred in the Andes for over 5000 years. Their meat is lean and low in cholesterol, and its taste resembles rabbit or chicken. The dish can be served in various forms: fried, grilled, stewed. The long tradition of serving this dish can be seen in the painting "The Last Supper" from the cathedral in Cuzco, where a guinea pig lies on the table in front of Jesus and the apostles. A colorful festival is also organized in the town of Huacho in honor of this animal. Guinea pigs dressed in various costumes act as models. The finale of this festival is a great feast prepared with models. Peruvians eat about 65 million of these animals every year.