In 1848, the bourgeoisie overthrew Emperor Francis I, and Franz Joseph I took power - both he and his wife Elizabeth, known as Sisi, are symbols of the Austrian Empire.

An excerpt from the article 31 facts about Austria

Vienna continued to flourish during that period, new, magnificent buildings were built and eventually, it became one of the most important and largest European capitals. It also became a cultural center where the king of the waltz, Johann Strauss, created, and Sigmund Freud created a new branch of science - psychoanalysis.

At the turn of the century, many works in the Art Nouveau style were created there. Painters: Gustav Klimt and Egon Schiele, and architects - Otto Wagner and Adolf Loos worked there.