Brazil has six major ecosystems.

An excerpt from the article 31 facts about Brazil

- Amazon basin - a system of tropical rainforests

- Pantanal - the world's largest tropical wetlands and the world's largest flooded grasslands

- Cerrado - a vast tropical savanna ecoregion, covering much of the center of the country

- Caatinga - a region of subtropical vegetation, thorny scrubland in the northeast

- Mata Atlantica (Atlantic Forest) - stretching along the entire coast from northeast to south

- Pampas - the fertile lowland plains of the far south