Facts about ladybugs

We found 16 facts about ladybugs

Ladybugs, ladybirds, lady beetles…

Ladybugs are one of the most recognizable insects worldwide. Although small, they are vicious predatory insects that can consume up to 5,000 aphids in their lifetime. Considering their average lifespan is one year, they are very hard-working.

Ladybugs is a name given to the Coccinellidae family by the Americans.
They are known under two main names–ladybugs in North America, and ladybirds in other English-speaking countries, including Great Britain–but the most accurate names are lady beetles or ladybird beetles.
There are over 5,000 species of Coccinellidae worldwide.
They are beetles, not bugs.
They chew their food, while bugs’ diet is mostly liquid. Moreover, they undergo a complete metamorphosis, while bugs remain the same their entire life.
There is a legend concerning their name.
Legend has it that in the Middle Ages, a group of farmers was devastated by aphids destroying their crops, so they prayed to the Virgin Mary for help. On the next day, the ladybugs appeared out of nowhere and ate all the aphids. From that day, the farmers started calling these little insects “Our Lady’s beetles.”
Ladybugs come in different colors and patterns.
The most common is red with seven black dots.
Seven-spots ladybugs are native to Europe.
They were introduced to North America in the mid-1900s in order to control the aphid population.
Ladybirds feed on insects.
They are well-loved by farmers because they protect their crops from pests.
One ladybug can eat around 5,000 aphids throughout its life.
Ladybirds lay their eggs in clusters, usually in an area rich in aphids.
They are known for laying both fertile and infertile eggs. The reason is that it rises the chance of survival for larvae that hatch from fertile eggs.
Ladybug larvae are quite distinctive.
They have a prolonged abdomen, black with yellow or orange dots, with legs sticking out of their body. Some say they resemble miniature alligators.
The final stage of larvae is called “pupa.”
Once they reach a proper size, they attach to a leaf with their tails and form a pupa, which transforms into a ladybird within a week or two.
Adult ladybirds can exhibit cannibalism.
They can eat eggs and larvae when food is scarce.
Ladybugs enter the diapause during winter.
It is a type of hibernation, which can last for up to nine months.
Ladybugs display some impressive defense mechanisms.
Their bright colors warn of potential predators, suggesting they are not a tasty treat. Apart from their looks, ladybugs also emit a yellow liquid from their leg joints, which is toxic to many mammals and birds. Thirdly, they can just simply “play dead”–they remain still at their backs until the threat passes.
Ladybirds’ main predators are birds.
They also fall prey to dragonflies, frogs, and spiders.
Ladybugs have various colloquial and affectionate folk names in various countries.
In Poland and Russia, they are called Boża krówka, which translates to “godly little cow.” In certain parts of England, people call them “bishy barnabee,” and the French call them “lady cow.”
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