It has been an important settlement site since ancient times and has played an important role in the history and culture of the region.
It is considered one of the most sacred rivers in the region and is an important site for many religious traditions, including Islam, Judaism, and Christianity.
For Christians, Jews, and Muslims, the Jordan River is associated with the prophets Elijah and Moses, the baptism of Christ, and the burial place of numerous companions of the prophet Mohammed.
It flows through 5 countries: Lebanon, Syria, Israel, Palestine and Jordan.
The section between the source of the river and the Sea of Galilee is called upper course of Jordan river. From the Sea of Galilee to the mouth at the Dead Sea flows the lower Jordan.
The lower course is called the "Jordan Valley" - the deepest valley on earth, as it is 212 m below sea level at its beginning and ends at 436 m below sea level with its mouth at the Dead Sea.
In most of the world it is known as the Jordan River. The Arabs call it Nahr al Urdun, while its name in Hebrew is Nahar ha-Yarden.
It's basin area is 18.285 km2 (7,060 sq mi). Over 7 million people live in Jordan River's basin.
At the point where it flows into the Dead Sea, it is 436 m (1,430 ft) below sea level.
The site is located 9 km north of the Dead Sea on the east bank of the river. The site was included in the World Heritage List by UNESCO under the title Bethany Beyond the Jordan (Al-Maghtas).
About 600,000 Christian pilgrims visit this site annually.