Facts about Brown recluse spider
Small but dangerous
Loxosceles reclusa, sometimes called fiddleback or violin spider, is a pesky arachnid, that thrives in human environment. Although reclusive in nature (hence their name), they are known for their necrotic venom, more potent than a rattlesnake. Resilient to withstand cold and hot weather, they can survive many months without any food or water.
1Brown recluse spider is native to southern and central United States.
2It is approximately 6 – 20 millimeters (0.24 – 0.79 inches) tall.
3It is usually light or dark brown, but also in shades of grey.
4Members of Loxosceles genus have violin-shaped marking on top of their cephalothorax.
The color intensity depends on the age of spider.
5An average lifespan of brown recluse varies from 2 to 4 years.
They reach adulthood within a year.
6Brown recluse is often mistaken for wolf spider.
As a matter of fact, these two are not difficult to distinguish – brown recluse, apart from the violin-shaped marking, has also its legs uniformly colored.
7Brown recluse are not aggressive, but will bite when disturbed or threaten.
When they spot human coming towards them, they run in the opposite direction.
8Its venom is necrotic.
Both male and female can inject venom. However poisonous, its bite is not deadly. People react differently to brown recluse bite, some develop a necrotic wound and require an immediate medical attention.
9Unlike most spiders, brown recluse spiders have six eyes.
Most spiders have eight eyes.
10Their eyes are arranged in dyads and are equal in size.
Other spiders have their eyes arranged in rows of four.
11Their abdomen is uniformly colored.
Colors vary from dark brown to light cream. It is also covered with fine hairs that resemble velvet.
12Female brown recluse needs to mate only once to produce eggs throughout its entire life.
One female can produce roughly around 150 spiderlings per year.
13Brown recluse spiders lay eggs from May to July.
14They are active from March to October.
15They are nocturnal creatures.
16Brown recluse build irregular webs, but do not use them to capture prey.
They prefer to hunt at night, chasing their victims.
17They feed on soft-bodied insects, not necessarily freshly killed.
They are also known for cannibalism.
18They are susceptible to flat, sticky cards.
It’s believed to be the most effective way to get rid of these unwanted tenants.