Facts about Clownfish
Clownfish are also called anemonefish thanks to their symbiotic behavior with those animals. After appearance in "Finding Nemo" their popularity rapidly increased. They are common fish in saltwater aquariums, primarily because of their recognizability and appeal but also due to relatively low requirements for keeping.
1There are 30 species of clownfish. Twenty-nine belong to the Amphiprion genus and one to Premnas.
2They often inhabit a symbiotical anemone which provides them with protection while clownfish feed it with feces and lure larger fish into its poisoning tentacles.
Clownfish also give protection to anemone fending off its predators and possible parasites.
3Most clownfish species have orange-colored bodies with one or more white bands.
Bands usually are outlined with a black line.
4The most popular clownfish species is Amphiprion ocellaris, which is eagerly kept in reef tanks throughout the entire world.
It might be the most popular saltwater fish. Here is some detailed information on Ocellaris anemonefish:
- they can reach up to 11 cm (4,3 in) body length,
- they live in eastern Indian Ocean and western Pacific, sometimes can be found near coastline of Japan and Australia,
- famous Nemo was exactly this species, Amphiprion Ocellaris
5Clownfish are omnivores.
They usually eat leftovers from anemone host but can also feed on zooplankton, algae, copepods and tunicate larvae. They sometimes take a bite of hosting anemone tentacle.
6They are very hierarchical animals.
On the top of hierarchy, there is the most aggressive and largest female.
7They are monogamic.
A clownfish colony is made of a single female, reproductive male and supporting juvenile males. Only a reproductive male takes part in the breeding process.
8Like most fish, clownfish reproduce externally.
Male prepares a flat rock for breeding. A female lays 600 to 1500 eggs, depending on her size.
9Male is taking care of nest and hatchlings.
After the copulation he is responsible for taking care of the nest. He removes dead eggs with his mouth and uses pectoral fins to circulate water to provide it fresh and oxygen abundant.
10Young clownfish hatch in 6 to 10 days after laying eggs.
This usually occurs at night, 2 hours after dusk.