Jane Austen is an English writer known as an expert on the psyche of the fair sex. She is the author of novels that described the life of the English upper class at the turn of the 18th and 19th centuries. Jane Austen's novels were among the first to broadly expose the issue of social roles of women in nineteenth-century England. Jane Austen was a great observer of life. Although she lived on the sidelines and in a small town, she perfectly reflected the nuances of the "great" life of the upper classes. She grew up under the watchful eye of her father and oldest brother.
The plot of her works focuses mainly on exposing the flaws of British society at the time. When commenting on the state of the upper classes, she often used irony, humor and realistic descriptions. Some critics characterize Jane Austen as a feminist writer because her novels mostly tell about the problems of well-born women in Britain at the end of the eighteenth century. However, the fates of her well-drawn, resolute, and realistic protagonists continue to attract readers worldwide to this day. A love story full of twists and turns usually completes her novels.
Her eldest brother James was ordained to the priesthood and served in the parish of Steventon towards the end of his life.
The second brother - George - was disabled and possibly deaf from birth and did not live with his family in Steventon.
Edward - the third brother - was adopted by Austen's cousins Thomas and Catherine Knight and inherited a substantial estate in the county of Kent. Jane Austen was friends with his eldest daughter - Fanny Knight.
The fourth brother - Henry - was Jane's favorite. He was very handsome and studied at Oxford like his eldest brother. In 1797 he married Eliza Feuillide, ten years older than himself, a cousin of the Austens.
The two youngest brothers - Frank and Charles - joined the navy and fought in the British fleet. Jane's sister Cassandra became engaged to Thomas Fowle, who went to the Caribbean as a chaplain, where he contracted fever, from which he died. Jane had a strong emotional connection to Cassandra and maintained constant contact with her. Their letters provide a rich source of information about the writer's life.
Jane revised a manuscript titled "First Impressions" in 1812 and with the revised title was published as the one-volume novel "Pride and Prejudice." Undoubtedly, this is the most famous novel by the author. The plot of "Pride and Prejudice" tells the story of Elizabeth Bennet, who falls in love with Mr. Darcy - a wealthy aristocrat with an ambiguous reputation. Gradually discovering his story, first from the mouths of outsiders, then told by Darcy himself, the girl learns that it is not worth relying on gossip. The couple can happily be together when Darcy is finally cleared of all charges.
The novel was soon published in different volumes.
The first novel was written between 1798 and 1799 under the title - "Susan." Although the manuscript was sold to a publisher, the book was not published. Finally, in 1816, Henry Austen managed to buy back the book from the publisher.
"Persuasions" was written between 8 August 1815 and 1816. Both novels were published in four volumes after Jane Austen's death as the work of "the Author of Pride and Prejudice, Mansfield Park." However, this edition included a biographical note by the author.
The novel's main character - young and naive Catherine- must learn to distinguish between reality and unrealistic gothic fiction. Although Jane Austen was fond of the gothic novel, in "Northanger Abbey," the author makes fun of this genre.
"Persuasions" tells the story of the fate of Anne Elliot, a twenty-seven-year-old maiden who, at the urging of her family, refused to marry her beloved Frederick Wentworth - Frederick was not financially secure when he asked Anne to marry him. "Persuasion" is a particularly lauded entry by Jane Austen, mainly because of the personality of the main character, who is not one-dimensional and believable.
With Irishman Thomas Leyfroy, a law student whom she met in late 1795 and early 1796, she flirted at three balls and ended the acquaintance. However, based on today's information, mainly from letters that have survived to the present day, we can assume that the relationship may have lasted longer. Austen herself was more involved in it (she wrote to her sister: "You scold me so much in the nice long letter which I have this moment received from you, that I am almost afraid to tell you how my Irish friend and I behaved. Imagine to yourself everything most profligate and shocking in the way of dancing and sitting down together.").
Austen's second love adventure occurred during one of her annual trips to the seaside. While she and her family were living in Bath, she met an amiable young man there who, according to Cassandra, had fallen utterly in love with Jane, and his proposal would be accepted. Circumstances, however, meant that the young man had to leave and news soon reached the sisters that the young man had died.
In December 1802, Jane and Cassandra were with family friends in Hampshire - Mr. and Mrs. Bigg Manydown. There she met Harris Bigg-Wither, six years younger, who proposed to Jane - without hesitation, she agreed to marry him. Unfortunately, the very next day she reversed her decision and together with Cassandra hastily returned to Bath. Austen admitted that her fiancé had a "bad physique. He was also a gullible man who spoke little, and when he did, he could be aggressive and completely lacked tact.