Facts about Rasputin

We found 26 facts about Rasputin

One of the most influential people in early 20th century Russia

Grigori Rasputin was a Siberian peasant who, in a completely unusual way, became one of the most influential people in the Tsarist Romanov court and thus in Russia.

He was probably an excellent psychologist who, using religion and perhaps some bioenergetic and manipulative abilities, was able to accomplish a great deal. He charmed not only Tsarina Alexandra Fyodorovna but also multitudes of women who were willing to do anything for him. So who was this man of very common, uninteresting appearance?

Grigori Rasputin was a Russian peasant claiming to be an Orthodox monk, a mystic, and a favorite of the family of Tsar Nicholas II Romanov.
No details of his birth date exist; he was probably born in January 1869, although he gave different birth dates at various stages of his life.
He was born into a peasant family in the Siberian village of Pokrovskoye in Tyumen Oblast.
There is also uncertainty about his real name. Some studies state that his probable surname may have been Nowych, but also that this surname may have been adopted by him only with the approval of Nicholas II, as Rasputin was associated negatively.
He did not have a good reputation even in his home village.
Rasputin did not attend school and helped his father occasionally in the wagon business, transporting goods and people. He was known for his penchant for alcohol, tobacco, and women, as well as brawling in the local tavern and stealing. He was even called a horse thief.
At nineteen, he married Praskovia Fedorovna Dubrovna, with whom he had four children.

A spiritual transformation began to take place in Rasputin. It is not known what caused it, whether the fact that his six-month-old first-born son died or the fact that he was severely battered while trying to steal horses.

He began to visit various monasteries and hermitages and made pilgrimages to holy places not only in Russia. In 1893 he traveled to what is now Greece, to the Orthodox center on Mount Athos, where he listened to the monks' theological discussions. He memorized the passages of Scripture and the writings of the Fathers of the Church, having never read them himself because he was semi-illiterate. However, the monastic life he experienced there discouraged him from remaining in the order.

After three years on Mount Athos, he returned to the country, traveled, healed, prophesied, and preached the Word of God.

He was recognized as a monk, clairvoyant and an exorcist, although he did not take vows. Today he would probably also be considered a bioenergy therapist because he healed people - as he claimed.

He developed a peculiar style of being and speaking, characteristic of the "Old Monk," which convinced simple people. He made an impression of an experienced monk teaching spiritual life and asceticism. He did not eat meat or sweets. The so-called "old age" was strongly inscribed in the Eastern tradition and was a solid spiritual movement in Russia in the 19th century.

As he traveled around the country, he met with representatives of the official Orthodox Church, adherents of various religious sects, and ordinary people at markets, railroad stations, and river stops.
That was when the so-called "Rasputin circle" was formed, which initially grouped people from Rasputin's native village, calling themselves "brothers and sisters." Later, people outside the local community began to join this circle.
The local Orthodox community did not like Rasputin's activities as they were considered heresy and a source of demoralization and depravity.
The accusations went to the governor and the Orthodox authorities, who did not find any irregularities in Rasputin's activities. He continued to participate in the religious practices of the Orthodox Church and led an exemplary family life, although administrative and Orthodox authorities harassed him.
Rasputin began to seek patronage from well-known centers of Russian Orthodoxy, and to this end began his "great journey" in 1903.
He traveled to St. Petersburg, and there, thanks to Archimandrite Chrysant (guardian of monasteries within a given diocese), he met with the rector of the Theological Academy and Archimandrite Theophanes, who offered him an apartment in his monastery cell. 
In discussions with the clergy, Rasputin delighted his interlocutors with simplicity, depth and sincerity of faith. Soon, however, unflattering opinions about him reached St. Petersburg, depicting him as an impostor and debauchee. He was advised to leave the city for a while.
As a "saintly man," he returned to his native village, where a crowd of female admirers awaited him.
Accompanied by them, he made several pilgrimages to Verkhoturia, to the grave of one of the saints of the Russian Orthodox Church, Simeon Verkhotursky.
In 1905, Rasputin returned to St. Petersburg. A circle of his friends led to his presentation at the Tsar's court.
The Tsar's family was then going through a difficult time, both in national governance and family troubles. Tsar Nicholas II's only son, Alexei, was suffering from hemophilia. Tsarina Alexandra Feodorovna was doing everything she could to cure her son.
Rasputin managed to stop the Tsar's bleeding several times, for which he was honored by the Tsarina with a special position at the Tsar's court.
He was allowed to be around the Tsar and his family without hindrance. After a few months, he gained considerable influence in Russian political affairs - among other things, he led to the resignation of a relative of the Tsar from a high-ranking military commander.
During his early years at the Tsar's court, Rasputin went on various pilgrimages several times, including (possibly) Jerusalem in 1911.
During one stay in his native village, an attempt on his life took place. One of the members of the former "Rasputin circle," Chionia Guseva, seduced and abandoned by Rasputin, broke into his home and stabbed him in the stomach. Although the wound was severe, Rasputin recovered quickly. It is believed that someone from religious circles may have been behind the assassination attempt.
Rasputin's influence at the Tsar's court significantly increased after the outbreak of World War I.
Rasputin warned the Tsar against entering the conflict, even threatening the dynasty's fall if he, as the court's "prophet," were to die. It was not difficult to predict, knowing at least a little about Russia's international and internal situation.
The Tsar tried to save the monarchy, which was losing prestige, by strengthening his power through personal castling, largely contrary to Russia's state interests.
Since Nicholas II spent all his time outside St. Petersburg, at the headquarters of the Russian military command in Mogilev, Rasputin, through Tsarina Alexandra, gained decisive influence over the staffing of positions in the Russian government. That is when he earned many enemies in court who plotted against him.
The decision was made to end Rasputin's life, but he wasn't an easy target.

The Tsar suffered defeats at the front, and the situation in the country was very unstable, so there was increasing talk of the need to remove the Tsar from power. Monarchists defending Nicholas II blamed this situation on Rasputin and Tsarina Alexandra, who completely succumbed to the will of the alleged prophet.

The young monarchists headed by Prince Felix Yusupov lured Rasputin to Yusupov's palace, where he was treated to potassium cyanide-poisoned wine and cake.

Since the poison did not work, it was decided to shoot Rasputin. But the first shot wounded him only slightly.

Rasputin had some supernatural strength because not only under the effect of the poison and with his chest shot through, but he was also able to throw himself at Yusupov and choke him.

Violently pushed away by the prince, Rasputin escaped into the courtyard, and there were more shots fired at him, after which he fell. To be sure, the prince crushed his skull with a club. The conspirators tied up the fallen Rasputin and took him to the Neva, where Grand Duke Dmitri Pavlovich personally drowned him. It happened on December 30, 1916.

A bystander to the event reported it to the police, and an investigation was launched, resulting in Rasputin's body being fished out of the river.
An examination of the corpse revealed that the victim was still alive when thrown into the water. Rasputin's right hand was freed from its bonds, and water was present in his lungs.
Rasputin's disappearance caused unrest in Tsarskoye Selo, a town containing the residence of the Russian imperial family.
The perpetrators of the murder were quickly discovered, and they wanted to punish them severely, but this was opposed by the distant family of Tsar Nicholas II, for whom the murder of Rasputin was a patriotic act. As a result, the participants in the conspiracy were merely removed from the city.
There are also hypotheses that Rasputin's assassination was inspired by British intelligence, which feared a separatist truce between Russia and Germany, which Rasputin urged on the Tsar.
Doubts were sown by the inconsistent testimony of the assassins and the lack of traces of poison in the victim's body. A British agent made the decisive shot to the head - the trace of this shot was visible in the post-mortem photo.
Rasputin's funeral took place in a park in Tsarskoye Selo in 1916.
The Tsar's family attended, and the Tsarina placed an icon signed by all the funeral attendees in the coffin before closing it.
After the revolution and the overthrow of the monarchy, the new government ordered that the coffin containing the body be brought out and burned.
The ashes were scattered to the wind.
A few weeks after Rasputin was assassinated, the Romanov dynasty was overthrown.
Shortly before his death, Rasputin wrote a letter to Tsar Nicholas II in which he announced that "no member of the Tsar's family would outlive him by more than two years." It turned out that less than three months after his death, the Tsar was forced to abdicate, and eighteen months later, the Romanov family was exterminated. Georgy Rasputin's ominous prophecy came true on July 17, 1918.
Women adored Rasputin. He was their guide, not only spiritually.
Among his female admirers were bohemians, court ladies and aristocrats. He never had enough of women and enchanted everyone he interacted with. In St. Petersburg, he had a circle of admirers, fanatical women unreservedly devoted to him and blindly in love. This fact is astonishing because he was not a handsome man. He had a face covered with wrinkles and did not care about hygiene.
The cult of Rasputin flourished among the ladies of St. Petersburg.
There were times when queues lined up to wash the feet of the holy man. It was rumored that he was unusually generously endowed by nature. He also had his ways of attracting women, telling them they had to sin to be saved. And on top of that, you have to sin with him for him to get salvation too.
Grigori Rasputin's career at the Tsar's court began in Poland, specifically at the Tsar's residence in Spala, which was then in the Kingdom of Poland.
There, he managed to convince Tsarina Alexandra and gain her trust.
Some scientific journals report that Rasputin's ribs were fused together, giving him extraordinary physical strength.
Hungry for more facts?

Latest topics

42 facts about Kyshtym disaster
42 facts about Kyshtym disaster
The first nuclear accident in Earth's history
Before information about it saw the light of day, the Soviets hid it for over 30 years. The explosion at the Mayak combine was the first nuclear accid ...
37 facts about Saint Petersburg
37 facts about Saint Petersburg
A city of many names
It was a dream and a matter of prestige for the Romanov dynasty to gain access to the Baltic Sea and build a metropolis to testify to Russia's emergin ...
32 facts about Peter the Great
32 facts about Peter the Great
The first Emperor of all Russia
Peter the Great is considered one of Russia's greatest rulers. He was a great reformer, strategist, and builder who was the first of the tsars to trav ...
39 facts about Dyatlov Pass incident
39 facts about Dyatlov Pass incident
Mysterious tragedy in the Ural mountains
The case of a group of students at the Ural Polytechnical Institute in Sverdlovsk continues to arouse great interest and raise many questions. A group ...
11 facts about Brooklyn Bridge
11 facts about Brooklyn Bridge
The first steel suspension bridge in the world
It is one of the oldest suspension bridges in the world. It connects Brooklyn with Manhattan, runs over the East River, and was completed in 1883. ...
31 facts about Brazil
31 facts about Brazil
South America's largest country
Brazil is the largest and most populous country in South America and one of the largest and most populous countries in the world. A former Portuguese ...
44 facts about Ghent
44 facts about Ghent
City of three towers
Ghent is one of Belgium's most visited cities by tourists. This beautiful old Flanders city combines dignity, beauty, culture, and creativity. It is a ...
31 facts about Thailand
31 facts about Thailand
A country on the Indochinese Peninsula
Thailand is an Asian country located in its south-eastern part, famous for its interesting culture and religious architecture. This exotic country, wh ...

Similar topics