Facts about Gobi Desert
Largest desert in Asia
The landscape is very diverse, with steppes, deserts and semi-deserts interspersed, as well as a valley with lakes. Despite its name suggesting conditions not conducive to life, the Gobi is home to both rich fauna and nomadic people who have inhabited the area for centuries. There are interesting archaeological sites and remains of extinct animals.
1It is a continental desert.
The Gobi Desert is actually an area that includes several steppes, deserts and semi-deserts of East Asia.
2The Gobi is located in northern China and southern Mongolia.
It is surrounded by the Altai Mountains to the north and the Tian Shan Mountains to the west.
3It is one of the least populated areas in the world.
Only about 58 000 people live there so the population density is 0,044 people per km² (0,116 per sq mi).
4It consists mainly of gravel-stone deserts and semi-deserts separated by dry steppes.
Only a small area of the desert is covered with sands.
5The Gobi Desert is divided into 5 distinct ecological regions, ranging from harsh desert through steppe to lake valley.
6One of the largest sand dunes in the world are located here.
The Khongoryn Els region has a enormous range of sand dunes. They are 12 km (7,4 mi) wide, 180 km (112 mi) long and 80 m (262 ft) high.
7The Gobi desert is expanding all the time.
The greatest expansion is seen towards the south, where desertification of about 3600 km² (1390 sq mi) of the steppes of the Chinese territory is observed every year. The expansion of the desert is caused by both global warming and direct human activity, mainly excessive cattle breeding and exploitation of water resources.
8In order to prevent further expansion of the desert, the Chinese government plans to create the so-called Green Wall of China.
It is expected to be an artificially planted green belt consisting of forests and shrubs.
9The Gobi is inhabited by migratory peoples engaged in cattle ranching.
10The area of the Gobi is approximately 1,295,000 km² (500,000 sq mi).
It is the 6th largest desert in the world and largest in Asia.