Ginkgo biloba

Facts about Ginkgo biloba

We found 9 facts about Ginkgo biloba

Maidenhair tree

Discovered in Asia, where its medicinal properties have been used for five thousand years. 

Today it is a very popular tree in our gardens. We invite you to learn more about this very interesting "grandfather and grandson" tree - because the grandfather plants and the grandson collects his favorite seeds.

Ginkgo biloba
It is an endemic and relict species whose only natural habitat is Anhui Province in eastern China, in the Yangtze and Huang He river basins.

The natural habitat of the Ginkgo is an area of more than one thousand hectares, with 167 trees over 1,000 years old and 20 meters high, and several trees over 3,400 years old and 40 meters high.

It is a link between pteridophytes and gymnosperms trees and is the only deciduous tree in the group of gymnosperms (the others have leaves in the form of needles).

Ginkgo biloba is a species of tree belonging to the Ginkgoaceae family.

Ginkgo trees were spread to other Chinese provinces and to Japan by Buddhist monks in the 11th century.
Ginkgo was first treated as a fruit tree because of its edible seeds, and later as an ornamental tree.
The ginkgo came to the Netherlands from Japan in the 18th century.

This was the first European country to introduce this plant. The oldest specimen is in the Botanical Garden in Utrecht. It is also the oldest specimen of the tree in Europe.

In natural conditions, the Ginkgo tree reaches a height of 30-40 m, in Europe up to 28 m.
Ginkgo has very distinctive leaves.

The leaves are lobed on the long shoots and fan-shaped on the short shoots. When they grow from the long shoots, they have an indentation at the tip. They are green, leathery and turn yellow in the fall.

Ginkgo is a dioecious plant.

Male and female flowers occur on different individuals.

Ginkgo seeds are yellow, plum-like in appearance. Roasted seeds are edible.

It begins to flower after 40 years of growing from seed.

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