Facts about Stuttgart

We found 20 facts about Stuttgart

A German city with the highest standard of wealth

Stuttgart is one of the largest agglomerations in Germany, the capital of the state of Baden-Württemberg. It is a city with a rich wine tradition, the only city in Germany where grapes are grown in an urban area. But Stuttgart is most associated with luxury cars - it is the headquarters of the German automotive companies Daimler and Porsche. Stuttgart's cityscape is characterized by many hills, valleys, green areas, and dense urban development with a large share of post-war buildings, monuments, and churches.

Stuttgart is the capital and largest city of the German state of Baden-Württemberg.

It lies on the Neckar River in the fertile Stuttgarter Kessel valley. It is located near (one hour away) the Swabian Jura and the Black Forest.

Stuttgart has a population of approximately 635.000 inhabitants, which makes it the sixth largest city in Germany in terms of population.

2.8 million people live in the city's administrative district and 5.3 million in its metropolitan area - it is the fourth largest metropolitan area in Germany.

The city and metropolitan area are among the 20 largest European metropolitan areas in terms of GDP.

Due to its location in the center of Swabia and the local dialect spoken by the native Swabians, Stuttgart is often called the Swabian metropolis.

Its etymological roots lie in the Old High German word Stuotgarten or "Stud Farm", as the town was founded in 950 by Liudolf, Duke of Swabia, to breed war horses.

From the 7th century BC, the Stuttgart area was an important agricultural area - there were extensive vineyards there.

The Roman Empire conquered these areas in AD 83 and built a fortified military camp at the intersection of important roads near Cannstatt, the largest and most important in the middle reaches of the Neckar. A settlement was soon established near the camp and this place was the most important regional center for several centuries.

Brickyards were producing refined architectural ceramics there, and pottery was also developed.

In 746 in Cannstatt the so-called bloodbath, among others, was the death of the leaders of the Alemanni and Bavarians.

The origins of Stuttgart date back to the 10th century.

The city, as a stud farm for war horses for his cavalry, was founded in 950 by the Swabian prince Liudolf, son of the Roman Emperor Otto I. The first building of the Old Castle was built in 1089, the city grew and was founded in 1320. The fate of Stuttgart changed with the arrival of the Württemberg dynasty, who in the 15th century made it the capital of their county, duchy, and kingdom, which lasted until 1918.

Stuttgart prospered despite setbacks in the Thirty Years' War and devastating Allied air raids during World War II.

In 1952, the city became the major economic, industrial, tourist, and publishing center that it is today.

The Stuttgart area is known for its high-tech industry. Some of the most famous companies include Mercedes-Benz Group, Porsche, Robert Bosch GmbH, McKesson Europe, Hewlett-Packard, IBM, and Sika AG - all of which have their global or European headquarters here.

Stuttgart is home to Germany's ninth-largest exhibition center, the Stuttgart Trade Fair, located on the outskirts of the city, next to Stuttgart Airport.

Hundreds of small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) are based in this city. Many of them are family-owned, with strong ties to the automotive, electronics, engineering, and high-tech industries.

Stuttgart has the highest overall standard of well-being in all cities in Germany.

Its nominal GDP per capita is €57.100. Stuttgart's total GDP is €33.9 billion, of which the service sector accounts for approximately 65.3 percent, industry 34.5 percent, and agriculture 0.2 percent.

Stuttgart is the birthplace of the car.

The automobile and motorcycle were allegedly invented in Stuttgart (by Karl Benz and then industrialized in 1887 by Gottlieb Daimler and Wilhelm Maybach in the Daimler Motoren Gesellschaft).

In any case, it is considered the starting point for the global automotive industry and is sometimes referred to as the "cradle of the car".

Today, both Mercedes-Benz and Porsche have their headquarters in Stuttgart, as well as the car parts tycoons Bosch and Mahle. Many automotive magazines are published in Stuttgart.

The Stuttgart area currently has the highest concentration of scientific, academic, and research organizations in Germany.

No other region in Germany registers as many patents and designs as Stuttgart. Almost 45 percent of Baden-Württemberg's scientists involved in research and development are located in this city.

More than 11 percent of all German R&D costs (research and development costs) are invested in the Stuttgart region (approximately €4.3 billion per year).

Stuttgart is home to six Fraunhofer universities (the Fraunhofer Society is a German research organization with 75 institutes spread throughout Germany) - this is the second-largest number of research institutions in Germany after Dresden.

In addition to these universities, there is the University of Stuttgart, founded in 1829, which is a leading research university, the University of Hohenheim, the city's oldest university, founded in 1818, the Institute of Management and Technology - an international business school, and several universities of applied sciences.

Stuttgart is home to the State Academy of Fine Arts, one of the largest art schools in Germany, founded in 1761, as well as the State University of Music and Performing Arts, founded in 1857.

Historically, at the end of the 18th century, there was an elite military academy in Stuttgart, the Hohe Karlsschule, in Solitude Castle. Among its many valued graduates were Friedrich Schiller (playwright, poet, philosopher) and Nikolaus Friedrich von Thouret - the most famous classicist architect of the city.

The Stuttgart stock exchange is the second largest in Germany (after Frankfurt).

Many leading companies in the financial services sector are based in the city, including about 100 credit institutes (e.g. LBBW Bank, Allianz Life Assurance, and others).

Stuttgart is the only city in Germany where grapes are grown in an urban area, mainly in the districts of Rotenberg, Uhlbach, and Untertürkheim.

Viticulture in this area dates back to 1108 when the Blaubeuren Abbey received vineyards in Stuttgart as a gift from "the monk Ulrich". In the 17th century, the city was the third-largest German wine commune in the Holy Roman Empire. Wine remained Stuttgart's main source of income well into the 19th century.

Stuttgart continues to be one of Germany's largest wine cities with over 400 hectares of vineyards, largely due to its location in the center of Germany's fourth largest wine region, the Wurttemberg wine growing area, which covers 11.522 hectares and is one of only 13 official areas covered by German wine law. An annual wine festival - "Weindorf" takes place there.

Stuttgart is also home to several famous breweries: Stuttgarter Hofbrau, Dinkelacker, and Schwaben Brau.

Since 1985, Stuttgart has been the seat of the International School.

It is one of fewer than 100 schools worldwide that offer all three International Baccalaureate programs - IB Primary Years, IB Middle Years, and IB Diploma.

The city has the only urban rack railway in Germany.

This is a peculiarity of Stuttgart. The rack and pinion railway is powered by electricity and runs between Marienplatz in the southern district of the city center and the Degerloch district. Stuttgart also has a funicular that operates in the Heslach area and a miniature railway powered by diesel (and on weekends, steam) in Killesberg Park, a hill overlooking the city.

Stuttgart is the seat of a Protestant bishop (Protestant State Church in Württemberg) and one of the two co-seats of the bishop of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Rottenburg-Stuttgart.

The Pentecostal Gospel Forum based in Stuttgart is the largest place of worship (megachurch) in Germany. It is also the seat of a large English-speaking church, the International Baptist Church.

Five of the eleven state museums of Baden-Württemberg are located in the city.

The most important of them is the Staatsgalerie Stuttgart (opened in 1843), which houses works from the 14th to the 19th century, including works by Rubens, Rembrandt, Monet, Renoir, Cezanne and Beuys. Next to it is the Neue Staatsgalerie, where you can admire works by Max Beckmann, Dalí, Matisse, Miro, Picasso, Klee, Chagall, and Kandinsky.

The seat of the Württemberg State Museum is the Old Castle. It houses, among others, part dedicated to the memory of Claus Schenk Graf von Stauffenberg, a former resident of Stuttgart, who tried to murder Adolf Hitler on July 20, 1944.

Currently, the most visited museum in Stuttgart is the Mercedes-Benz Museum (440.000 visits per year).

In second place, in terms of the number of visitors, is the Art Museum, presenting contemporary art (the most important exhibition of Otto Dix's works).

The Porsche Museum and the Hegel House - the philosopher's birthplace - are also very popular.

There are still vineyards in Stuttgart, less than 500 m from the main station.

There are over 400 steps in the area (known as "Stuttgarter Stäffele" in the local dialect), which is approximately 20 km. As the city developed throughout history, many of the vineyards were replaced by houses and streets, and the steps remained and were used as paths connecting newly built neighborhoods. Some stairs were intricately decorated with fountains and plantings.

Beer and wine produced in Stuttgart since the 17th century, as well as Swabian cuisine, are now known throughout Germany and beyond.

In 2009, the Ministry of Agriculture announced that the European Union would officially recognize Maultaschen pasta as a "regional specialty", thus emphasizing its importance to the cultural heritage of Baden-Württemberg.

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