Facts about Bratislava

We found 14 facts about Bratislava

The largest city in Slovakia

Bratislava is the capital and largest city in Slovakia. Although it is one of the youngest capitals in the world, the city's history dates back to antiquity. Traces of history are visible at every step, and the archives contain valuable documents confirming its medieval splendor. Often called the vestibule of Vienna, it unfairly remains in its shadow. The Danubian metropolis is a modern city, the political, economic, cultural, and scientific center of Slovakia.

Bratislava is the capital and largest city in Slovakia in terms of area and population.

The city's area is 367.5 square kilometers and the population is over 430.000.

Bratislava's location is unusual and peripheral, as it is situated in the southwestern part of the country.

It stretches on two banks of the Danube, at the mouth of the Morava River, and on the hills of the Little Carpathians. It also covers the southern part of the Zahora Plain and the western part of the Danubian Plain.

It is the only capital in the world that borders two countries, Austria and Hungary.

It borders with Hungary in the south and with Austria in the west. It is located approximately 60 km from Vienna and approximately 195 km from Budapest.

In the area of today's Bratislava, the first settlers appeared already in the Stone Age, but it was not until the Celts in the 2nd century BC they founded a town on the Danube.

After them came the Romans, Germanic, and Slavic tribes, but only in 907 a real settlement called Brezalauspruch was established here.

From the 10th century until 1918, Bratislava was part of Hungary and was then called Pozsony.

Then King Stephen I of Hungary, also known as the Hungarian (the first Hungarian ruler crowned king), brought German settlers there and started building a defensive castle.

City rights were granted to Bratislava in 1291.

It became a royal city, surrounded by the king's patronage and protectorate. This resulted in the rapid development of the city, which took on various names: Preslava, Preszburg, Posonium, Pozsony, and Presporok.

In the 15th century, King Sigismund of Luxembourg recognized Bratislava as a free city.

The defensive castle was rebuilt and expanded and served as a royal residence.

In 1465, King Matthias Corvinus, a comprehensively educated man, inspired by the ideas of the Renaissance and in contact with the first Italian scholars, founded a university in Bratislava (then Pozsony) - Universitas Istropolitana.

It was the first university founded in what is now Slovakia.

Bratislava (Prešburg) became the capital of Hungary in 1541.

For 300 years, the Gothic St. Martin's Cathedral hosted the coronations of Hungarian kings of the Habsburg dynasty and convened assemblies there. The Hungarian parliament was housed there until 1848.

The city's greatest prosperity occurred in the 18th century, during the reign of Maria Theresa Habsburg.

The castle was then expanded, the first theater was founded and the first magazine was published. Numerous concerts and theater performances took place there, i.e. Mozart and Haydn, who conducted the court orchestra, gave concerts at the royal court.

The beginning of the 19th century was less favorable for Bratislava, the city lost its importance due to the rebirth of Buda, the Napoleonic Wars and the fire of the castle caused by the Austrian troops stationed there.

At the end of the century, the city experienced an economic and cultural revival. Many Art nouveau and eclectic buildings were built, some of which survive to this day in the city center. A suburban railway was also built between Bratislava (Prešburg) and Vienna. Independence tendencies began to revive in Bratislava, and many national activists came from there, whose achievements included, among others, codification of the Slovak language.

In 1918, Bratislava became part of Czechoslovakia, and after World War II, the city became the seat of the Slovak National Council.

The communist period saw the destruction of many valuable baroque buildings in the city. The historic Jewish district, located at the foot of the castle, was also destroyed.

As a result of the division of Czechoslovakia into the Czech Republic and Slovakia in 1993, Bratislava became the capital of independent Slovakia.

It became the center of central, parliamentary, and scientific authorities. It is the center of cultural and social life.

The name Bratislava was first used by a group of writers, literary and social activists gathered around Ľudovít Štúr after 1844, but it was officially adopted in 1919.

At the end of 1918, there was a proposal to name the city Wilson or Vilsonovo in honor of the President of the United States Woodrow Wilson, but the idea was rejected.

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