Facts about Temple of Artemis

26 facts about Temple of Artemis


Artemis was one of the most prominent gods of ancient Greece. She was the daughter of Zeus and Letho and a twin sister of Apollo. Ephesians devoted to her one of the most magnificent buildings of antiquity, and despite subsequent destructions, they rebuilt it repeatedly, improving previous artists' achievements. The monument's fate was sealed by Constantinopole, which is believed to demolish the temple by its Archbishop order.
It was located in ancient city of Ephesus.
Present-day, the ancient city lays on the edge of the town of Selçuk in western Turkey.
The building is also named the Artemesium or the Temple of Diana.
Ephesus was a city devoted to the Artemis.
Artemis was a goddess of fertility, virginity, hunting, wilderness and the Moon. In the 4th century BC, Artemis was identified with the Roman goddess Diana.
The legendary founders of the first temple were Amazons.
The sacred site appeared in Ephesus much earlier than the temple itself. First inhabitants of the city were aboriginal people called Leleges and Lydians.
First temple emerged around the 7th century BC.
It has been destroyed by a flood which covered its floor with a half-meter layer of mud and sand.
It has been destroyed three times.
First time it was by a flood, second by arson and third after northern germanic tribes raided Ephesus.
The second temple was built on the order of Croesus of Lydia.
Leading architects of this temple were Chersiphron of Knossos and Metagenes from Knossos. Theodorus of Samos is also believed to participate in the temple's design process.
The second temple was made with Ionic order and had 117 columns.
Columns, frieze and tympanum were ornately sculpted. Famous ancient sculptors such as Phidias, Polykleitos and Kresilas worked on constructing and completing the temple.
Template's columns were 18 m (59 ft) high and had a 2,5 m (8,2 ft) diameter at the base.
The second temple was much more significant, built with greater splendor, and it's supposed to be the first marble-made Greek temple.
It was 115 m (377 ft) long and 46 m (151 ft) wide.