Sweet potato

Facts about sweet potato

We found 12 facts about sweet potato

A creeping plant from the tropics

Yams, also known as sweet potatoes, are one of the healthiest foods, even in space. In fact, they have been appreciated by NASA and recognized as superfoods, being one of the elements of provisions on space expeditions. Let's learn more about this valuable vegetable.

Sweet potato
Yams are perennial plants belonging to the Clematis.

They are also called sweet potatoes, patatas, or kumara.

They are starchy vegetables, like potatoes, but are not related to potatoes.

Potatoes belong to the Solanaceae and are related to the tomato, bell pepper, or eggplant.

Its biological name is the potato vine (Ipomoea batatas).

Thus, it is a cousin of the vines.

Sweet potatoes are native to South and Central America.

They are popular throughout the tropics, in humid and warm areas. The main producers are Asian countries (China, India, Indonesia) and African countries.

Sweet potatoes are tubers that are the underground part of the plant.

They can have white, pink, or red flesh and weigh about 3 kg.

Unlike potatoes, in sweet potatoes, the leaves are also edible.

They are considered very nutritious.

They have a sweet taste.
They contain a very high amount of beta-carotene and polyphenols, which are natural antioxidants.
They are rich in complex carbohydrates and fiber.

Despite their high carbohydrate content, they have a low glycemic index of - 50 and their caloric value is 86 kcal/100 g.

They are a valuable source of vitamins and micronutrients.

They contain vitamin C, B vitamins (B1, B2, B6), vitamin E, K, calcium, iron, and potassium.

There are two varieties of sweet potatoes: sweet and bitter.

The bitter variety is poisonous but once peeled and exposed to the sun, it becomes edible. The sweet variety is often eaten by wild animals and insects, and plantations are destroyed.

Sweet potatoes are eaten cooked or baked.

They are an increasingly popular menu item for many people.

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