Facts about Cuba
El Caiman or El Cocodrilo
Cuba, a country located in the Caribbean Sea - also called the long green lizard because of its shape. Colonial architecture, cigar factories, beautiful old cars, rum - all contribute to the atmosphere of Cuba. Add to that 200 bays and 250 beaches, and the island is a huge tourist base and a paradise for sunbathers. The people there are cheerful, open to relationships with loved ones and in no hurry to go anywhere.
1The Republic of Cuba is an island country in North America, located on the island of Cuba in the archipelago of the Greater Antilles.
The Greater Antilles are part of a larger chain of islands in the Caribbean Sea, known as the Antilles. The archipelago includes Cuba, Haiti, Jamaica and Puerto Rico, as well as many smaller islands off their coasts.
2It is the largest country by area in the Caribbean, a region consisting of the Caribbean Sea, islands, and surrounding coasts.
The region is located southeast of the Gulf of Mexico and mainland North America, east of Central America and north of South America.
3The island has an area of 110,860 km2 (68,885 sq mi) and a population of over 11 million people.
The island ranks 16th in the world in terms of surface area.
4The island lies latitudinally and is separated from Florida by the Straits of Florida, from Haiti by the Windward Passage, from Jamaica by the Cayman Trough, and from Yucatan by the Yucatán Channel.
The island is about 1,200 km (745 mi) long and 50-200 km (31 - 124 mi) wide.
5The capital of Cuba is Havana.
It is the capital and also the largest city and port of the island and the entire Caribbean. It is situated on the Gulf of Mexico. Havana is an old city, founded in 1515 by the Spanish conquistador Diego Velazquez de Cuellar, first on the southern coast of the island and moved to its present location in 1519 (some sources give 1519 as the date of the city's founding). It is the most important industrial center of the country, with tobacco, petrochemical, textile and electromechanical industries. It is a hub for land, sea and air transport - it has the Jose Marti International Airport.
6Havana was the favorite place of Ernest Hemingway, who spent 20 years of his life here.
The city has many monuments of colonial architecture, and for this reason, the old town of La Habana Vieja was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1982.
7In July 2015, the country's first Internet access zone was opened in Havana for Cubans to use.
Previously, the internet was only available in residential zones for foreign tourists.
8The island was discovered in 1492 by Christopher Columbus.
It is the largest island in the Caribbean, with a varied coastline of 3735 km. There is a network of bays and peninsulas and hundreds of small offshore islands. The largest bays of Cuba are: Batabano, Ana Maria and the famous Bay of Pigs, best known for the armed incident in April 1961 (among other things, the United States broke off diplomatic relations with Cuba as a result of this conflict). Cuba is surrounded by a deep sea up to 7000 m.
9The largest island belonging to Cuba is Isla de la Juventud (Isla de Pinos).
It is a lowland island in Gulf of Batabanó. It is the second-largest Cuban island and the sixth-largest in the Antilles archipelago.
10The landscape of Cuba is quite varied, with most of the country being lowland (70%).
The largest mountain concentration is in the eastern part of the country, and the highest peaks rise there. In the east are the Sierra Maestra Mountains, with the highest peak in the country - Pico Turquino (1974 m). Most Cuban mountains have low elevation - the lowest mountain chain is the Cordillera Guaniguanico.