47 facts about Cuba

21.In the 19th century, three currents emerged in Cuban society: those in favor of reform and Spanish rule - the reformists; those in favor of incorporating Cuba into the United States - the annexationists; and those in favor of independence - the independents.
The independence camp, which simultaneously endeavored to abolish slavery and establish democracy, gained wide support. In 1868, an anti-colonial uprising broke out that grew into a decade-long war that resulted in Spain granting the Cubans a seat in the Spanish Parliament.
22.In 1880, slavery was abolished in Cuba.
When another failed rebellion broke out on the island, the United States went to war with Spain and took control of the island by force. U.S. troops occupied Cuba until 1902, forcing the Cuban government to adopt the Platt Amendment that gave Americans the right to interfere in Cuba's internal affairs and establish a naval base at Guantanamo.
23.In 1906, U.S. troops intervened in Cuba for the second time, occupying the island for two and a half years.
After the foreign troops left, many dictators ruled the country. During World War I, Cuba sided with the Allies. In the 1930s, Fulgencio Batista seized power and became president in 1940. The dictator's rule was overthrown by the Cuban Revolution, which brought an armed opposition to power in 1959, grouped in the 26th of July Movement and the Insurgent Army.
24.In 1959, the revolutionary leader Fidel Castro became prime minister of Cuba.
The government initiated the nationalization of the economy, especially foreign ownership, and land reform. In protest of these measures, the U.S. government imposed a trade embargo in 1960 (which continues to this day) and broke off diplomatic relations a year later. As a result of the revolution, about two million people emigrated from Cuba, mainly to the U.S. (in 1961, emigrants organized in the Central Intelligence Agency carried out an invasion of the Bay of Pigs). After these actions by the US, Castro contacted the Soviet Union. The Communist Party of Cuba was founded and has ruled the country since 1965.
25.In 2006, Cuba, Bolivia and Venezuela formed an alliance against capitalism and imperialism called ALBA.
That same year, Fidel Castro handed power to his younger brother, Raul Castro.
26.Fidel Castro - the symbol of Cuba - died on November 26, 2016.
He was the longest-reigning head of state (52 years and 62 days) in modern times, among uncrowned rulers. When monarchs are considered, he is surpassed only by Queen Elizabeth II, who ascended the throne in 1952.
27.Fidel Castro made a name for himself in the Guinness Book of records.
The record was awarded to him for the longest speech delivered at the UN. It lasted 4 hours and 29 minutes. However, his longest speech was the one he gave in Cuba - it lasted 7 hours.
28.Castro was a person made famous by many records and surprising facts related to his life and activities.
  • He survived 630 attempts on his life during his political activities
  • He loved cigars but stopped smoking them in 1985 due to health reasons
  • He had two wives and eleven children with seven partners
  • His first wife filed for divorce while he was in prison. The reason was that Castro sent mixed up letters to his wife and mistress at the same time
  • He was famous for his beard, which he only wore because he didn't have time to shave it every day
  • In his youth, he played baseball as a pitcher
29.Cuban citizens could only operate sole proprietorships in 127 industries listed in the National Classifier of Economic Activities until 2021.
Now, this list has been expanded to 2,100 industries, with only 124 activities reserved for the state and cooperative sectors.
30.Cuba is predominantly inhabited by Cubans, a multi-ethnic nation of mainly European and African descent.
Whites make up about 64% of the population, Mestizos (one parent is Indian, the other European) over 26%, and Blacks over 9%. Before Spanish colonization, the Ciboney Indian tribe was the dominant population group.
47 facts about Cuba

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