Facts about Lake Malawi
The site of the first naval battle of World War I
One of the oldest lakes on earth. It was formed about the same time as Tanganyika Lake, 350 kilometres away. It was formed by the crack of the African Tectonic Plate. The fluctuation of the water level in the lake is very high and the last period in which the surface of the water level decreased by 120 to 150 m compared to its present state took place between 1390 and 1860.
1Malawi is also called Lake Niasa. It belongs to the African Great Lakes group.
2It was discovered by the Portuguese merchant Candido José da Costa Cardoso in 1846.
In 1859 David Livingstone arrived at the lake and called it Niasa. Livingstone also used to call it "Lake of the stars" and "Lake of storms".
3It is a lake of tectonic origin and was created about 1 - 2 million years ago, although the origins of the pool date back to 8.6 million years ago.
It is located in a valley formed after the African tectonic plate crack.
4Lake Malawi is located 350 kilometres southeast of another tectonic lake, Tanganyika.
5Over the years the water level in the lake has changed many times.
It happened that Malawi was almost completely dry. The last such event took place about 18 - 11 thousand years ago.
6It is located in three countries: Malawi, Tanzania and Mozambique.
7The lake mirror is located at 468 m above sea level.
8The area of the lake is 29 600 km².
9The maximum length of the lake is 580 km and the maximum width is 75 km.
10It is a deep lake. Its average depth is 292 m and at its deepest point it is 706 m.