40 facts about Frederic Chopin

Frederic Chopin

"Chopin Frédéric - a special suitability, a musical genius"

Fryderyk Chopin , a brilliant Polish composer of the Romantic period and one of the most famous pianists of his time. In Paris he was called Chopinetto, George Sand spoke of him as Chopin, to Heine he was the Rafael of the piano, and Liszt and Berlioz called him Genius.
1.Frederic was probably born on 1 March 1810 in Żelazowa Wola.
Some sources state that he was born on 22 February 1810.
2.He was born in the outbuilding of the manor house belonging to the Skarbeks, where his father served as tutor.
Nicolas Chopin was a polonised Frenchman. He was a French teacher and a tutor. Among other things, he worked in Czerniewo as a tutor for the Łączyński family (one of his daughters, Maria, later became the wife of Anastazy Walewski, but became famous as the lover of Napoleon Bonaparte).

He spent about six years with them, and the next he worked for the Skarbek family in Żelazowa Wola, taking care of their four children. There he met Tekla Justyna Krzyżanowska, a poor relative of the Skarbeks who lived there and ran the house. The two were united by a common passion - music. Justyna played the piano and sang, while Nicolas played the flute and violin. A year later they had a daughter, Ludwika, and in 1810 their only son, Frederic.
3.Chopin had three sisters: Ludwika, Izabela and Emilia, who died prematurely.
4.In the autumn of 1810 the Chopin family moved to Warsaw.
They settled in a tenement house on Krakowskie Przedmieście Street, which no longer exists, and soon moved into their official residence at Saski Palace. There was the Warsaw Lyceum, where Nicolas Chopin taught French.
5.Chopin began learning the piano quite early, at the turn of his fourth and fifth year.
His mother gave him lessons.
6.At the age of six he began taking piano lessons from Wojciech Żywny, a Polish pianist of Czech origin.
Żywny taught Chopin for six years. He acquainted Frederic with works of the baroque and classical music and explained to him the structure of the piano works of Bach, Haydn, Mozart, and Hummel.This education developed in Chopin a taste for the old composers.

The eleven-year-old Frederic dedicated to him the Polonaise in A flat major, composed in 1821. Wojciech Żywny is buried at the Powazki Cemetery in Warsaw.
7.Chopin's next teacher was Wilhelm Waclaw Wurfel, also of Czech origin.
At the age of seven, Frederic was already the author of several small compositions. These were polonaises, a musical dance form based on the polonaise dance. The young Chopin grew up in the atmosphere of this music.
8.Even as a child Frederic made numerous appearances in the salons of the Warsaw aristocracy.
Thanks to Żywny, who wrote down his compositions of variations and dances according to Frederic's instructions and showed them in various Warsaw houses, Chopin became known there. Count Skarbek also became one of the most active protectors of the young composer.
9.The young Frederic Chopin performed before Prince Konstantin Romanov and presented him with an unknown march.
The prince asked him to perform it again. The military march, which pleased the Duke so well, appeared in print, but without a name. The march was played by military orchestras at the prince's favourite military parades.
10.When the lyceum where Frederic's father worked was moved from the Saski Palace to the Kazimierzowski Palace, the Chopins settled in the outbuilding of the palace, the so-called post-rector's building.
Their neighbours were then: Juliusz Krzysztof Kolberg with his sons, Samuel Bogumił Linde and Kazimierz Brodziński.
Frederic Chopin
40 facts about Frederic Chopin

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