Geography

Facts about Congo River

19 facts about Congo River

The second longest river in Africa

Formerly known as the Zaire River, the Congo River is the second longest in Africa. It is home to Africa’s diverse and unique wildlife, and because of the spectacular view along its basin, it attracts thousands of tourists every year.
1
The Congo River is the second longest in Africa after the Nile and the ninth longest in the world.
Measuring from the equatorial highlands up to the Atlantic Ocean, it is 4,700 kilometers long.
2
It originates back to 1,5—2 million years, during the Pleistocene period.
3
It is the world’s deepest river.
At its deepest point, it reaches a depth of 220 meters
4
It is named after the ancient Kingdom of Kongo.
5
Along with its various tributaries, it forms the largest network of navigable waterways in Africa.
The main tributaries are the Lualaba River, and the Chambeshi River.
6
It was discovered by Portuguese explorer Diogo Cão in 1482.
7
There are more than 4,000 islands on the Congo River.
8
The Congo Basin covers an area of approximately 4,000,000 square kilometers.
9
Lying along its banks there are the Democratic Republic of the Congo and the Republic of the Congo, both named after the river.
10
Over 75 million people live in the Congo Basin.