Some mountains are only a few million years old, while the age of others is measured in billions. The oldest ones hide information about the origin of life on Earth. But mountains are not unique to our planet.
Many may think that the mountains are not a hospitable place for humans.
The higher you go, the colder it gets and the air gets thinner, but many people live in such an environment. The highest human settlements are over 4,000 meters above sea level.
What else do we know about these majestic geological structures?
Here are some of the most interesting and mind-blowing facts about mountains!
About 50 million years ago, the process of uplifting the Himalayas began. The Indian plate pushed against the Eurasian plate, causing the uplift of rock masses at their junction.
It is estimated that the escalation of this process occurred about 20 million years ago.
Those lines are called faults.
Most known mountains of this type are Sierra Nevada in California, the Tetons in Wyoming and Harz in Germany.
It is a dormant volcano in the Andes on the Argentina-Chile border.
The volcano is 6893 meters high and is listed on Volcanic Seven Summits. Last eruption of this giant occurred about 1270 years ago.
They are situated in South America and span over 8,900 kilometers (5530 miles) through seven countries: Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru and Venezuela.
Andean Mountains are also the highest mountain range outside Asia.