Facts about Florida

We found 15 facts about Florida

Sunshine state

This beautiful, sunny state is hardly ever covered with snow. Even in the winter, the temperatures rarely drop below 0 degrees Celsius. It’s a popular tourist destination, and that’s not unexpected, considering there are over 1066 kilometers of beaches, 7700 large lakes, and approximately 4500 islands. Whether you like to rest surrounded by breathtaking nature or loosen up partying in clubs, Florida offers both.

It is also a vital scientific center for the presence of landing points for NASA and private space-related corporations, as well as the headquarters of many well-known firms, like Burger King, GTE Financial, Alienware, or the US branch of DHL.

Native Americans inhabited the area of Florida as far back as 14 thousand years.

They got to the area thanks to the last glaciation, in which sea levels lowered and the peninsula itself was much wider and had a cooler and drier climate.

The peninsula was discovered by Spanish traveler Juan Ponce de León on 27th March 1513.

Thanks to the lush greenery and the Easter season that fell during that time, he immediately decided to name the newly discovered area La Florida.

It was the first fragment of North America settled by the Europeans.

St. Augustine is the oldest continuously inhabited town in the United States. It was founded on 28th August 1565, by Admiral Pedro Menéndez de Avilés. Its name corresponds with the feast of St. Augustine of Hippo, which was celebrated on the day the colony was founded. The Spanish ceded the ownership to the US in 1819 in exchange for $5 million. Today, its population reaches 12.000, and it is home to the oldest American school, as well as 33 buildings listed on the National Register of Historic Places.

Florida was incorporated into the US on 3rd March 1845 as a 27th state.

Its called the Sunshine State, and its motto is “In God We Trust.” Its state animal is the cougar, the reptile is an alligator, and the bird is the northern mockingbird. The official Florida anthem is “Old Folks at Home”, a song by Stephen Foster written in 1851.

The capital of Florida is Tallahassee, and the largest city is Jacksonville.

The capital is inhabited by merely 200.000 people, while Jacksonville by approximately 950.000. The largest agglomeration is Miami, inhabited by 6.1 million people, and it’s the seventh in terms of population agglomerations in the US.

Florida covers an area of 170.312 square kilometers, which makes it the 22nd largest state in the US.
It's mostly located on the peninsula between the Gulf of Mexico and the Atlantic Ocean.

It’s the flattest area in the US. The highest point is Britton Hill which is 105 meters above sea level.

On Florida’s southern coast, about halfway up the coast, is the famous Cape Canaveral.

It’s the location of the John Fitzgerald Kennedy Space Center, the spaceport that belongs to the US space agency NASA. All state and private missions related to space exploration launch from there.

The first commercial manned flight launched from Cape Canaveral on 30th May 2020.

Doug Hurley and Robert Behnken were the first astronauts to take the private capsule–the Dragon of Elon Musk’s SpaceX–and reached the International Space Station.

Most of the citrus fruit is produced in Florida, and orange juice is an official state beverage.

According to research conducted in 2006, 74 percent of oranges, 58 percent of tangerines, and 54 percent of grapefruits produced in the US are cultivated in Florida. The juice is produced from 95 percent of local oranges.

Florida is filled with airports and heliports.

During World War II, the US government built airports for military purposes, and about 400 of them still operate. There are 131 state and over 700 private airports.

Florida’s climate is humid and tropical. During Summer, the temperatures can reach 38 degrees Celsius, and they drop to 4-7 degrees Celsius during winter.

The waters surrounding the peninsula act as a heat buffer, tampering with the climate. The highest temperature was recorded on 29th June 1931, in Monticello, when it reached 43 degrees Celsius. The lowest temperature, - 19 degrees Celsius, was recorded on 13th February 1899, in Tallahassee.

Florida is the most prone to hurricanes states of the US. Hurricane season starts on 1st June and lasts till 30th November, however, serious storms can occur outside this season as easily.

Between 1851 and 2006, Florida was hit by 114 hurricanes, of which 37 were of the cat. 3 or higher. Most of the hurricanes hit between August and October.

One of the most severe hurricanes that hit Florida in August 1992 was Andrew.

The cataclysm destroyed over 63,5 thousand and damaged over 124 thousand houses. It caused the death of 65 people, and the material losses were estimated at $27,3 billion. The highest recorded speed of Hurricane Andrew was 280 km/h.

Florida is the American capital of golf. PGA–the Professional Golfer’s Association of America–is located in Palm Beach Gardens.

The number of golf courses in Florida is dizzying, as there are 1250, which is twice as many as in California, which is the second in the US. In addition, the World Golf Hall of Fame is located near St. Augustine.

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