Niagara Falls

Facts about Niagara Falls

We found 13 facts about Niagara Falls

The world’s fastest-moving waterfall

It lies on the border of two countries, near two cities of the same name, and feeds two power plants.

Niagara Falls is a waterfall lying on the river of the same name. It is located on the border of Canada and the US.

It is visited annually by about 30 million tourists, who are treated to unforgettable views and a multitude of additional attractions offered by the infrastructure built around the waterfall.

Niagara Falls
The Niagara River flows out of Lake Erie and into Lake Ontario, into which it flows.

The difference in level between the two bodies of water is almost 100 meters.

The waterfall is relatively young and was formed after the last glaciation 12.500 years ago.

Before the warming of the climate, the region of the waterfall and the Great Lakes were covered by a glacier two to three kilometers thick.

It is surrounded by the buildings of two cities, both on the Canadian and American sides. Both cities are named Niagara Falls.

The US-Canadian border is the world’s longest land border between two countries. It is 8893 kilometers long.

In 1969, intensive maintenance work was carried out around the waterfall on the US side.

Using a dam, the flow of water was stopped, and large boulders at the base of the waterfall were removed to allow ships to cruise.

The cascades on the American side are American Falls and Bridal Veil Falls.
The cascade on the Canadian side is called Horseshoe Falls and is 53 meters high.

A small part of it is located in the US, as confirmed by both Canadian and US maps. It is the highest of the three waterfalls that make up the falls. About 90 percent of all the water flowing over the falls right through Horseshoe Falls.

Nearly half of the water from the waterfall is discharged into two nearby power plants.

The amount of water discharged significantly affects the water level in the river, which can fluctuate by several meters throughout the day.

The waterfall froze over several times during the winters of 1848, 1969, and 2018.
Niagara Falls from the Canadian side is much more attractive to tourists, as the view faces directly onto the falling cascade on the American side and the Canadian cascade.
Most of the tourist infrastructure of the Niagara Falls complex is located on the Canadian side.
Tourists can take a boat cruise that goes almost under the very cascades of the falls.

The first cruise took place on 18th September 1846, on a ship with the graceful name Maid of the Mist. It was a steam-powered barge capable of carrying up to 100 passengers at a time.

This ship was in service from 1846 to 1854, after which it was replaced by another, which was also named Maid of the Mist. It has become traditional that each successive ship is given the same name, and this was the case until 2020.

At night, the waterfalls are illuminated with different colored lights.

The lighting is turned off at midnight.

The waterfall may cease to exist.

Erosion of the cascade is progressing at a rate of 30 centimeters per year. Unless technology can be developed to stop the water damage, the remaining 32-kilometer stretch to Lake Erie will be washed out within 50.000 years.

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