Christ The Redeemer

Facts about Christ The Redeemer

We found 18 facts about Christ The Redeemer

One of the most famous and recognizable monuments of Christ in the world

Christ The Redeemer statue in Rio de Janeiro is a symbol of this city, an icon of Brazil and the Catholics living there. Erected to commemorate the centenary of Brazil's independence, Christ with outstretched arms embraces the city, as well as all the pilgrims who come to it.

Christ The Redeemer
The statue of Christ the Redeemer was erected on the top of Mount Corcovado.

Corcovado (Portuguese for hunchback) is a 710 m high granite mountain located in the southwest of Rio de Janeiro. The mountain was initially called the Mount of Temptation. From its top (where the monument is located) there is a panoramic view of Rio de Janeiro, including the bay of Lagoa Rodrigo de Freitas, the beaches of Copacabana and Ipanema, and the extensive shantytowns in the city, the so-called favelas.

The statue was chosen in 2007 as one of the new seven wonders of the world.

This was decided by millions of votes of people who decided that this monument deserves an honorary title because of its size and because of the importance it has for Catholics in Brazil and around the world.

The project to build a religious sculpture in Rio de Janeiro had existed since 1850.

Father Pedro Maria Boss came up with this idea and even asked Queen Elizabeth for funds, but ultimately the idea was not implemented.

The idea was implemented on the 100th anniversary of Brazil's independence.

In 1921, money collection for this purpose began. A large part of the needed funds were provided by the Catholic Church, but financial support from Brazilian Catholics was also needed.

Construction of the statue began in 1922 and was completed in 1931.

The construction took as long as 9 years because there were many difficulties, including the specificity of the terrain, difficult access to the construction site, and lush vegetation covering the hill. There were also changes in the shape of the project and the materials used for its implementation.

Initially, it was supposed to be a bronze figure of Christ holding a globe in his hand or, instead of a figure, a gigantic cross.

However, the design chosen was one depicting Christ with open arms, which was Hector de Silva's idea.

The monument was designed by a French sculptor of Polish origin, Paul Landowski, the son of a January Uprising insurgent.

The author of the statue's head is the Romanian sculptor Gheorghe Leonida, which was discovered at the end of the 20th century and confirmed by the descendants of the sculptor's sister.

The sculpture, like the Statue of Liberty, was made in France and transported in parts by ship to Rio de Janeiro.
The statue is 30 meters high and is placed on an 8-meter pedestal.

The head is 3.5 meters high and the distance between the fingertips of the hands is 28 meters. The monument weighs over 600 tons.

Christ The Redeemer in Rio de Janeiro is the tallest statue of Christ in the world.

Right behind it is the Figure of Christ the Pacific in Lima, Peru (37 meters high, the figure itself is 22 meters), in third place is the Monument of Christ the King in Świebodzin, Poland (36 meters high, the figure itself is 33 meters).

The first unveiling of the monument took place on October 12, 1931, by lighting designer Guglielmo Marconi.

He did it by turning on the lighting from a yacht moored in the port of Genoa.

The monument was unveiled twice more.

After installing the new lighting, it was done by Pope Paul VI, on October 12, 1981, on the occasion of the 50th anniversary of the erection of the monument, by Pope John Paul II.

For the 75th anniversary of the monument, a small chapel was built at its base.

Many people decide to get married in this church.

The monument is exposed to various weather factors, such as strong winds, which damage the monument's slabs.

However, the biggest problem is lightning, which damages the monument (in 2014, lightning broke off the end of one of the figures' fingers).

You can reach the monument by taking a cable car, from the station of which you have to climb 222 steps to the observation point at the foot of the monument.

You can also use the escalators or elevator.

During renovation works in 2010, a group of graffiti artists climbed the monument and decorated it with various inscriptions and pictures.

This was condemned by the then-mayor of the city, who called the act a "crime against the nation." The "artists" surrendered themselves to justice.

Every year, the Christ the Redeemer Monument is visited by almost 2 million tourists.
In 2020, in August, the figure of Christ was illuminated for an hour with the inscription "Solidarity 1980-2020", written in an original font, the so-called solidarica.

It was an initiative of the Polish embassy in Brazil.

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