Facts about Lake Huron
Second largest of the Great Lakes
It was known as Karegnondi by the local Wyandot tribe before the first European settlers landed on the North American continent. The name Huron is derived from the Wyandot people's distinctive hairstyle and was given by French explorers in the 15th century.
1It is the second-largest of the Great Lakes.
However, it ranks third among the Great Lakes in terms of volume, being surpassed by Lake Superior and Lake Michigan. It is also the fourth largest lake on Earth, with a surface area of 59,588 km2 (23,007 sq mi).
The lake has a north-south extent of 332 km (206 mi) and an east-west extent of 295 km (295 km).
2The coastline is 2,980 km (1,850 mi) long.
If all 30 thousand islands are taken into account, the coastline's total length grows to 6170 km (3,833.8 mi).
3It is not as deep as Lake Superior or Lake Michigan.
In fact, only Lake Eerie is shallower than Lake Huron. The average depth of Lake Huron is 59 m (195 ft), with the deepest point at 229 m (750 ft).
4It is situated on the same level as Lake Michigan.
This makes both lakes the same body of water in hydrological meaning. Lake Huron is separated from Lake Michigan by narrow waterways called the Straits of Mackinac.
5Lake Huron formed due to glacier retreat in the last ice age.
Like with other Great Lakes, Lake Huron's formation occurred about 10 thousand years ago. The early Great Lakes developed slowly over thousands of years until about the 10th century BC, when they took on the sizes and shapes we know today.
6It was the first of the Great Lakes discovered by European explorers.
The first nation to arrive on the lake's shores was the French. French explorers Samuel de Champlain and Étienne Brûlé appeared at Georgian Bay in 1615, naming the place La Mer Douce, which means "the freshwater sea."
7It is situated between Michigan and Ontario shores.
- 23,580 km2 (9,103 sq mi) lays in Michigan
- 36,010 km2 (13,904 sq mi) lays in Ontario
8There are over 30 thousand islands on lake Huron.
The most prominent one is Manitoulin Island, located in Georgian Bay, the lake's largest bay.
9It has over 80 tributaries.
Approximately 192 billion liters of water flow from Lake Superior through the St. Marys River daily. Another 130 billion liters of water flow from Lake Michigan through the Straits of Mackinac.
10Wasaga Beach is the longest freshwater beach on Earth. Located in Collingwood, it is 14 kilometers long.
The other attractive beaches on Lake Huron are:
- Sauble Beach in Ontario
- Grand Bend in Ontario
- Oscoda Beach Park in Michigan