Architecture

Facts about Göbekli Tepe

18 facts about Göbekli Tepe
11
It seems that individual circles, for reasons unexplained, periodically lost their power and attractiveness and were replenished.
A new circle, a smaller one, was established within the first or even a third circle within the second. Eventually, the whole set of circles was filled, and a new ring of circles had to be built nearby.
12
The earliest constructed circles were the largest and technically and artistically sound.
With time the subsequent constructions erected on Gobekli Tepe were of lower quality. The columns were smaller, simpler, and erected with less and less care.
13
Around 8200 BC, work at Gobekli Tepe stopped, and the site fell into decay.
Archaeologists found no traces of the inhabitants there (hearths, houses, graves), only thousands of gazelle and tortoise bones, which the builders must have eaten. It seems to have been a place of some cult, a ceremonial center.
14
We do not know what the social organization and hierarchy were in those times, but it seems that such a large enterprise had to be supervised by someone.
No traces of living quarters for the elite have been found, no graves with luxury goods, and no traces indicating differences in food quality.
15
Professor Klaus Schmidt was sure that Gobekli Tepe was a temple where ritual ceremonies took place.
The Italian astrophysicist Giulio Magliego claims that the temple practiced worship of Sirius, the brightest and one of the nearest stars in the southern sky, located in the constellation Canis Major. It is indicated by the construction of rings of stone pillars, through which the position of Sirius could be determined.
16
According to other researchers, there was no organized community and religion in the Neolithic world.
There was no separation between the sacred and the profane, and therefore one cannot speak of a temple in the modern sense of the word. Professor Schmidt assumes, however, that in the case of Gobekli Tepe an organized religion may have arisen before the invention of agriculture and other aspects of civilization. Gatherers began to establish settlements - a grouping of houses with hundreds of inhabitants - so that together they could more easily obtain food and protect themselves from the dangers of the outside world. Religion emerged to relieve the tensions that arose when hunter-gatherers settled down and formed large communities.
17
One of the latest theories claims that groups of hunter-gatherers gathered in Gobekli Tepe when the wild grains were ripening.
They built new temple elements (circles) during the harvest and prayed. When all goods were collected, people dispersed, taking the harvested goods to their settlements.
18
In 2018, Gobekli Tepe was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
The year 2019 has been declared the "Year of Gobekli Tepe" in Turkey. Turkish authorities want to encourage tourists to visit this special place of human history. The war in nearby Syria and the refugee problem have strongly discouraged people from visiting this part of Turkey.