Persea americanaAvocado, also called an avocado pear or alligator pear is a staple in the Aztec diet. Gaining popularity in recent years, it is a tasty addition to culinary inventions with many beneficent properties.
1.From a botanical point of view, avocado is a large berry.
It contains a single, large seed.
2.Its name comes from the Spanish word aguacate.
The name derives from Mexicano – the Uto-Aztecan language family – āhuacatl.
3.The avocado belongs to the Lauraceae family.
It is a flowering plant family that includes true laurel – an aromatic evergreen tree.
4.It originates from southcentral Mexico.
Later avocado cultivations spread to North, South, and Latin America, Africa, Asia, and southern Europe. Mexican cultivations produce over 2,3 million tons a year.
5.Some sources claim avocado was domesticated by Mesoamerican tribes about 5,000 years ago.
It makes its cultivation as old as the invention of the wheel.
6.Avocado is pear-shaped, round, or egg-shaped.
It is usually 7 – 20 centimeters long and weighs about 100 – 170 grams. Its flesh is fat and creamy, and the outer layer thick, leathery, and green or brown-green.
7.Avocado trees grow up to 20 – 24 meters high.
8.The ripening period of the fruit is exceptionally long and takes between 6 to 8 months.
9.Avocado contains many valuable substances beneficial to the human body.
One of them is oleic acid, which lowers blood cholesterol levels.
10.Avocado is rich in unsaturated fatty acids omega-3 and omega-6.
It increases the absorption of lycopene from tomatoes, therefore it should be consumed together.