Facts about Australia
A great desert surrounded by a green ring of life
Australia has been isolated from the rest of the world for a long time, hence its unique and unparalleled flora and fauna. It is a home for aborigines, the oldest civilization on Earth. One of the most dangerous countries, primarily due to its fauna, attracts thousands of people every year.
1The name Australia derives from the Latin – Terra Australis – which translates as “southern land”.
2It is the only continent covered entirely by a single country.
3It has a population of 25 million people.
Due to the vast uninhabited area of the country, the population density is only 3,3 people per kilometer.
4The official name of the country is the Commonwealth of Australia.
Formally, the head of state is Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom but is represented by the governor-general.
5It is the sixth-largest country in the world.
It covers an area of 7,6 million square kilometers.
6The capital city of Australia is Canberra.
The population of the capital is about 450,000 people.
790% of Australians live on the coast.
The population settled mainly along the coastline because of huge deserts in the center of the country.
8The Great Barrier Reef is located off the northeast coast of Australia. It is the largest ecosystem on earth.
James Cook discovered it on June 11, 1770. It was previously known to the indigenous inhabitants of Australia.
9During winter, the country’s area covered by snow is larger than Switzerland’s.
10Sydney is the largest city in Australia.
It is populated by 5,3 million people.