Facts about Asia

30 facts about Asia

Top Asia facts

Asia is the largest and most populated continent. Its a cradle of many civilizations, religions and philosophies. Today Asia is also the fastest developing continent with many innovative business and scientific endeavors.
Asia covers an area of 44.6 million km² (17.22 million square miles), which is about 30% of all land and 8.7% of the entire planet.
Together with Europe, it forms Eurasia, a continental landmass with an area of 54,7 million km² (21.14 million square miles).
There are 48 independent countries in Asia recognized by the United Nations.
In Asia, six countries are not recognized by all United Nations members. Those are:

  • Palestine
  • Taiwan
  • Abkhazia
  • Artsakh
  • Northern Cyprus
  • South Ossetia

There are also areas of internal sovereignty like Hong Kong and Macau and two British overseas territories: Akrotiri and Dhekelia, and British Indian Ocean Territory (BIOT).

Asia is an upland-mountainous area with 75% of its area covered by highlands.
The average altitude of Asia is almost 1000 m above sea level.
Nearly 4.5 billion people live in Asia, and the population density exceeds 100 people per km² (261 per square mile).
The population of Asia constitutes 60% of the world population. The average birth rate is high at 17‰.
The longest river in Asia is the Yangtze. Its length is 6300 km (3 914 mi).
The other longest rivers in Asia are:
  • Huang He - 5464 km (3 395 mi)
  • Mekong - 4880 km (3 032 mi)
  • Lena - 4400 km (2 734 mi)
  • Irtysh - 4248 km (2 640 mi)
The largest lake in Asia is the Caspian Sea. It has an area of 376,000 km² (145174 sq mi).
The Caspian Sea is also the largest lake on Earth. Its average depth is 180 m (590.5 ft), and the maximum depth is 1025 m (3363 ft).
Asia, due to its enormous size, has a very diverse climate.
Taking into account the arctic environment of Siberia and the tropical regions in South Asia, it is clear that extremely different weather sensations can be experienced in Asia.
The highest peak in Asia is Mount Everest, which is 8848 m (29,031.7 ft) above sea level.
Its located in the Himalayas, and across its peak runs a China-Nepal border.
The lowest point in Asia and the lowest point on Earth is the Dead Sea, located at 430,5 m (1,412 ft) above sea level.
It is a salt lake with an average salinity of 26%. Only a small amount of bacteria and fungi can survive in the lake's harsh environment.
Asia is located almost entirely in the Northern and Eastern Hemispheres.