Plants

Facts about California poppy

17 facts about California poppy

Eschscholzia californica

Golden poppy is a yellow-flowered poppy plant native to the southwest of North America. It is also cultivated as an ornamental plant worldwide. It has been a state flower of California since 1903 and is protected by law there.
1
It is native to southwestern parts of North America.
Its main range is concentrated in California, but it is found over a wide area in Washington, Oregon, Arizona, Nevada, New Mexico, Baja California and Sonora.
2
In the 19th century, the species spread to Chile, Australia, New Zealand, and other parts of the world with cargo ships.
3
Prefers higher elevations, grows up to 2500 m.
4
It is an annual plant. It grows in sunny places, on light, sandy, calcareous soils.
California poppy prefers grassy, open areas. It is tolerant of cold weather but may die during harsh winters.
5
The plant may grow from 15 to 60cm (6 to 24in) depending on conditions.
In a colder climate, it is an annual plant while in a warmer environment may be a perennial.
6
The plant is densely branched, rather limp, and blue-green in color.
The Stem is free from the milky fluid. The leaves are multiply tripartite and narrowly lobed.
7
Flowering starts in February and lasts till September.
8
Flowers are long-stalked and orange, yellow or red.
The petals are darker at the base. Some plants may have a pinkish tint to the petals.
9
Flowers grow solitary on long stems.
Each flower is made of four petals, which are 2 to 6 cm (0,87 to 2,36 in) long.
10
Flowers are open during the day, except for cloudy weather.
They close at night and open in the morning.