Facts about California poppy
Golden poppy is a yellow-flowered poppy plant native to the southwest of North America. It is also cultivated as an ornamental plant worldwide. It has been a state flower of California since 1903 and is protected by law there.
1It is native to southwestern parts of North America.
Its main range is concentrated in California, but it is found over a wide area in Washington, Oregon, Arizona, Nevada, New Mexico, Baja California and Sonora.
2In the 19th century, the species spread to Chile, Australia, New Zealand, and other parts of the world with cargo ships.
3Prefers higher elevations, grows up to 2500 m.
4It is an annual plant. It grows in sunny places, on light, sandy, calcareous soils.
California poppy prefers grassy, open areas. It is tolerant of cold weather but may die during harsh winters.
5The plant may grow from 15 to 60cm (6 to 24in) depending on conditions.
In a colder climate, it is an annual plant while in a warmer environment may be a perennial.
6The plant is densely branched, rather limp, and blue-green in color.
The Stem is free from the milky fluid. The leaves are multiply tripartite and narrowly lobed.
7Flowering starts in February and lasts till September.
8Flowers are long-stalked and orange, yellow or red.
The petals are darker at the base. Some plants may have a pinkish tint to the petals.
9Flowers grow solitary on long stems.
Each flower is made of four petals, which are 2 to 6 cm (0,87 to 2,36 in) long.
10Flowers are open during the day, except for cloudy weather.
They close at night and open in the morning.