Facts about California poppy

17 facts about California poppy

Eschscholzia californica

Golden poppy is a yellow-flowered poppy plant native to the southwest of North America. It is also cultivated as an ornamental plant worldwide. It has been a state flower of California since 1903 and is protected by law there.
It is native to southwestern parts of North America.
Its main range is concentrated in California, but it is found over a wide area in Washington, Oregon, Arizona, Nevada, New Mexico, Baja California and Sonora.
In the 19th century, the species spread to Chile, Australia, New Zealand, and other parts of the world with cargo ships.
Prefers higher elevations, grows up to 2500 m.
It is an annual plant. It grows in sunny places, on light, sandy, calcareous soils.
California poppy prefers grassy, open areas. It is tolerant of cold weather but may die during harsh winters.
The plant may grow from 15 to 60cm (6 to 24in) depending on conditions.
In a colder climate, it is an annual plant while in a warmer environment may be a perennial.
The plant is densely branched, rather limp, and blue-green in color.
The Stem is free from the milky fluid. The leaves are multiply tripartite and narrowly lobed.
Flowering starts in February and lasts till September.
Flowers are long-stalked and orange, yellow or red.
The petals are darker at the base. Some plants may have a pinkish tint to the petals.
Flowers grow solitary on long stems.
Each flower is made of four petals, which are 2 to 6 cm (0,87 to 2,36 in) long.
Flowers are open during the day, except for cloudy weather.
They close at night and open in the morning.