19 facts about Mount Vesuvius

Mount Vesuvius
11.The present cone of Gran Cono was formed during the eruption in 79.
Before the eruption, there was only the Somma caldera and earlier volcanoes that were formed over the last thousands of years.
12.It is not known precisely how many people died as a result of the eruption of 79, but it is estimated that the population of Pompeii and Herculaneum may have totaled 20,000.
So far, the remains of about 1500 people have been found in the area of the two ancient cities, 1044 of them in Pompeii.
13.Although the catastrophe at Pompeii was quite remote in time, eyewitness accounts of the destruction have survived to our times.
These accounts are contained in letters written by Pliny the Younger to Publius Cornelius Tacitus, a Roman historian. Pliny was about 17 years old at the time of the catastrophe and observed the events surrounding the volcano from a distance of about 29 kilometers, from the city of Misenium. His uncle, Pliny the Elder, set out to rescue his friend and sent a rescue fleet towards the volcano. Although written 25 years after the volcanic eruption, Pliny's letters describe quite well the information gathered from his uncle and his own observations made "at a safe distance."
14.Only 25 hours - that's how long it took Vesuvius to destroy Pompeii.
People who decided to evacuate on the first day of the eruption had a chance to survive. On that day, crumbs of pyroclastic material fell on Pompeii with temperatures between 120 and 140 °C. Early in the morning of the second day, the gray ash cloud began to collapse. Two large waves struck and destroyed Pompeii. Herculaneum and its entire population ceased to exist. The temperatures of the waves of pyroclastic material already exceeded 200 °C, giving no one the slightest chance of survival.
15.The exact date of the eruption of 79 is unfortunately not known.
Thanks to charcoal markings on Pompeian walls discovered in October 2018, it is known that the city was still functioning normally on 17 October 79.
16.The last eruption of the volcano occurred between March 17 and 23, 1944. Since then, Vesuvius has shown no activity.
However, this does not mean that Vesuvius is not capable of renewed eruptions with catastrophic consequences. According to the current pattern, large eruptions with a magnitude of 5 to 6 on the VEI scale occur every few thousand years.
17.Mount Vesuvius is located in the territory of the Vesuvius National Park, created on June 5, 1995.
In the park are protected both local plants and animals and archaeological sites and geological formations. Within the national park can be found about 906 species of plants and a variety of animal species.
18.Currently, on the slopes of the volcano are cultivated both vegetables and fruit, and establish vineyards.
19.From the top of Mount Vesuvius stretches a beautiful view over the Gulf of Naples.
Annually, the volcano and the surrounding area are visited by about 2.5 million tourists.

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Mount Vesuvius
19 facts about Mount Vesuvius

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