Facts about mandarines
Mandarin orange, commonly known as mandarin or mandarine, originates from China. It owes its name to the Chinese, as China is where the clerical profession of mandarins - bureaucrat scholars of Imperial China - originated. Although they have been cultivated in China for over 3,000 years, mandarins did not arrive in Europe and North America until the 19th century. At first, they were adopted by the Italians and the British and, eventually, by Americans living in the southern states of the United States.
1Mandarin orange is a citrus plant belonging to the family Rutaceae.
This family contains over 2070 plant species classified in 160 genera. The most common Rutaceae are Orange, Mandarin, Grapefruit, Lemon, and Lime.
2Mandarins are native to Asia.
They evolved in southern China, Vietnam, and Japan. Mandarins arrived in Europe in the early 19th century and reached North America a few decades later.
3There are wide varieties of crossbreeds with other citrus fruits.
Depending on the variety, the mandarin can grow as a shrub or a tree, reaching up to 8 meters.
4Mandarines, usually eaten raw or blended into juice, are a common addition to various dishes in oriental cuisine.
They are also used to make jams, marmalades and sauces. In addition, mandarine skin is used in the production of tinctures.
5The energy value of mandarine is 53 kcal per 100g.
It consists of 85.6% water, 13.3% carbohydrates, 0.8% protein, and 0.3% fat.
6It is a good source of vitamin C, with as much as 32% of the recommended daily allowance (26.7 mg) in 100 g.
It also contains a lot of vitamin B6 (6%), B1 (5%), and B9 (4%). It is also a good source of potassium, phosphorus, calcium and magnesium.
7It is a rich source of soluble fiber.
Eating mandarines provides a more prolonged feeling of satiety and positively reduces "bad" cholesterol (LDL), lowering the risk of heart attack or stroke.
8Mandarins are rich in health-promoting plant compounds such as flavonoids.
They have antioxidant effects, reducing free radicals, which accelerate aging and increase the risk of cancer and heart disease.
9Chen Pi is a sun-dried mandarine peel that has been used in traditional Chinese medicine for centuries.
The history of Chen Pi dates back to the Song Dynasty (960 - 1279). The dried mandarine peel contains about 140 health-promoting compounds in its composition. According to traditional Chinese medicine, Chen Pi improves spleen function, reduces bloating, aids digestion and regulates the circulatory system.
10Mandarine peel is used in the production of mandarine oil, which has a wide range of therapeutic uses.
It has a calming effect and reduces stress and anxiety. It also aids with sleeping disorders. The oil can also be obtained from the plant's leaves. Although it is primarily used in the food industry, it is also used as an addition to cosmetics and perfumes.