31 facts about Poland

11.The Polish language is one of the most difficult languages in the world.
The grammar of Polish is very complicated. There are five different parts of speech: a verb, a noun, an adjective, a numeral word and a pronoun. There are also diacritical letters: ą, ć, ę, ł, ń, ó, ś, ź, ż. All this sometimes makes foreigners who are trying to master Polish language overwhelmed.
12.Earplugs, kerosene lamps, and bulletproof vests are all Poles' inventions.
It's a country of many talented people. Here is a list of some Polish inventions:

  • automatic railway signaling, Jan Józef Baranowski 1857
  • kerosene lamp, Ignacy Łukasiewicz 1853
  • earplugs, Leo Gerstenzang 1923
  • electric battery-powered submarine, Stefan Drzewiecki 1888
  • bullet-proof vest, Jan Szczepanik 1901
13.The Constitution of May 3 was the first law of its kind in Europe and the second in the world.
It was adopted on May 3, 1791, but was in force for only 14 months. It lost its significance when Stanisław August Poniatowski joined the Targowicki Confederation on July 24, 1792. Finally, it ceased to be a binding legal act in the Sejm of Grodno on November 23, 1793.
14.Poland is divided into 16 voivodeships (provinces) consisting of 380 poviats (counties).
Also, Poland has 944 cities and 2477 municipalities.
15.Most of the country is covered by lowlands.
The average altitude in Poland is 173 m above sea level.
16.The Tatra Mountains are the highest mountains in Poland.
Seventy peaks in Poland are over 2000 m high.
17.Polish forests cover almost 30% of the country.
According to the plans, forests should cover 33% of Poland by 2050.
18.Currently, there are 23 national parks in Poland.
The oldest is "Białowieża" National Park, established in 1932. The youngest is "Ujście Warty" National Park, which was established in 2001.
19.Poland has the most polluted cities.
According to the European Environmental Protection Agency report, 6 of the 10 most polluted European cities are in Poland, southern part exactly.
20.The Polish system of nature protection has contributed to the restoration of many national animal populations.
These include the European bison, the European beaver, the mute swan, the peregrine falcon and the elk.
31 facts about Poland

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