Countries

Facts about Russia

26 facts about Russia

A fascinating and mysterious land

Although not officially proclaimed an empire until 1721, it is claimed that Tsardom – a term first used after the coronation of Ivan IV in 1547 – was a Russian word for empire. It lasted uninterrupted until October Revolution, 1917, leading to the proclamation of the Soviet Republic. A country with a rich and turbulent history, despite many destructions, tragedies, and severe social problems, Russia remains fascinating and mysterious.
1
Russia is the largest country in the world.
It covers over 17 million square kilometers.
2
It has a population of over 146 million people.
In terms of population, it ranks 9th in the world.
3
Over 12 million people live in the capital city of Moscow.
It makes it the second-most populous city in Europe. Istanbul holds first place.
4
The currency in Russia is the ruble.
One ruble is equal to 100 kopecks.
5
There are nine time zones in Russia.
There used to be 11 time zones, but in 2010 the government reduced the number to 9.
6
The highest mountain in Russia is Mount Elbrus, with an altitude of 5,642 meters above sea level.
It is located in the western part of the Caucasus Mountains.
7
The deepest lake in Russia is Lake Baikal, with a maximum depth of 1,642 meters.
Apart from being the deepest lake globally, it is also the largest freshwater lake by volume, containing about 23% of the world’s surface water.
8
The Caspian Sea is the deepest point in Russia, about 28 meters below sea level.
9
The longest river in Russia is the Lena River, with a length of 4,400 kilometers.
The second-longest is Ob River –  4,338 kilometers and Yenisey River – 4,102 kilometers.
10
The Volga is the longest river in Europe.
It is 3,531 kilometers long.