Facts about Russia
A fascinating and mysterious land
Although not officially proclaimed an empire until 1721, it is claimed that Tsardom – a term first used after the coronation of Ivan IV in 1547 – was a Russian word for empire. It lasted uninterrupted until October Revolution, 1917, leading to the proclamation of the Soviet Republic. A country with a rich and turbulent history, despite many destructions, tragedies, and severe social problems, Russia remains fascinating and mysterious.
1Russia is the largest country in the world.
It covers over 17 million square kilometers.
2It has a population of over 146 million people.
In terms of population, it ranks 9th in the world.
3Over 12 million people live in the capital city of Moscow.
It makes it the second-most populous city in Europe. Istanbul holds first place.
4The currency in Russia is the ruble.
One ruble is equal to 100 kopecks.
5There are nine time zones in Russia.
There used to be 11 time zones, but in 2010 the government reduced the number to 9.
6The highest mountain in Russia is Mount Elbrus, with an altitude of 5,642 meters above sea level.
It is located in the western part of the Caucasus Mountains.
7The deepest lake in Russia is Lake Baikal, with a maximum depth of 1,642 meters.
Apart from being the deepest lake globally, it is also the largest freshwater lake by volume, containing about 23% of the world’s surface water.
8The Caspian Sea is the deepest point in Russia, about 28 meters below sea level.
9The longest river in Russia is the Lena River, with a length of 4,400 kilometers.
The second-longest is Ob River – 4,338 kilometers and Yenisey River – 4,102 kilometers.
10The Volga is the longest river in Europe.
It is 3,531 kilometers long.