One of the poorest countries in AsiaBangladesh is located in South Asia, the Bay of Bengal. It is a relatively young country, for its history dates back only fifty years. Over the years, this small country, whose area is less than the size of Wisconsin, has experienced wars, military coups, cyclones, famines, and extreme poverty.
1.The People's Republic of Bangladesh is a country with an area of 148,460 km2 (57,320 sq mi).
It is located in South Asia on the largest bay in the world, the Bay of Bengal. It borders India to the west, north, and east and Myanmar (formerly Burma) to the southeast.
2.Although the country is less than the size of Wisconsin (which has 5,8 million residents), it is home to more than 160 million people.
More than 1,100 people per 1 km2 make Bangladesh one of the world's most densely populated countries.
3.The capital of the country is Dhaka.
It is a city of 17 million people and the main center of the country's garment, textile, food and metal industries, as well as a market for trade in jute, rice, oilseeds, sugar and tea. It is the origin of muslin, a delicate fabric made of silk, cotton, or wool produced by numerous weavers.
Dhaka houses a university - Bangladesh University of Engineering and Technology, other scientific centers, and an agricultural research institute. In 1974, the Dhaka Zoo, the largest of its kind in the country, was opened.
In 2013, the biggest construction disaster in modern times in terms of loss of life occurred near Dhaka. It claimed 1127 lives.
4.In Dhaka, one of the primary means of transportation is a rickshaw.
About 400 thousand of them ply on the city streets every day, which is a world record.
5.In the city center, there is a Hindu temple Dhakeshwari, from which the city probably got its name.
The temple probably dates back to the 11th century and is dedicated to the ten-armed goddess Dhakeshwari.
6.The area that is now Bangladesh was part of India under British rule. It was part of a historical land called Bengal.
In 1947, Bengal was divided into West Bengal, which became part of India, and East Bengal, a province of Pakistan. Till 1971, there was a struggle in East Bengal to free it from Pakistani occupation.
7.Bangladesh gained its independence from Pakistan on March 26, 1971.
Bangladesh is a people's republic and a member of the Commonwealth of Nations. The head of state is the president, whose term of office is five years. Executive power is exercised by the 350-member National Assembly, with 300 MPs elected directly and 50 seats reserved for women, who are elected indirectly.
8.Bangladesh has been ranked as one of the world's most corrupt countries by the World Economic Forum.
9.Bangladesh is one of the poorest and least developed countries in the world.
The basis of its economy is agriculture, especially rice cultivation.
10.Bangladesh is a lowland country occupying the area of the common delta of the Ganges, Brahmaputra, and Meghna rivers.
It lies in a humid tropical climate zone characterized by monsoon winds. It has two seasons: rainy and dry.