11.The volcanic pumice layer of 80m (262 ft.) thick covers the sea bottom around the island in a radius of 20-30 km (12,4-18.6 mi).
12.From 300 to 500 years after the volcanic eruption, the island was uninhabited.
After that period, Dorians (a Greek people speaking a Doric dialect) settled here.
13.Santorini is located in the southern part of the Aegean Sea, in the area of the Aegean Volcanic Arc's greatest activity.
Continuous observations of this area's geological activity have revealed that in 2011 the island rose about 5 cm (2 in).
14.Tourism, the primary source of income for residents, is thriving in Santorini. (except for Covid-19 lockdowns)
The island has many beaches, mainly along the south and south-eastern coast.
15.The beaches on Santorini are usually sandy and sometimes pebble.
Beaches also have different colors: white, red, and black. Usually, the name is derived from the color of sand or pebbles, but in the case of White Beach, the name comes from the white rocks above it, as the beach itself is made of black sand.
16.The islands that make up the Santorini archipelago have a surface area of approximately 90 km² (34.74 mi sq).
There are over 300 churches and small chapels in this relatively small area. Such chapels were built in the olden days when most of the local population worked at sea and set out on long, often several-month cruises. At that time, the family usually built a chapel so that its patron would protect the loved one who was at sea.
17.Characteristic of Santorini is the white, compact building with blue dome-shaped roofs.
Safety considerations regarding seismic activity dictate the construction of such shaped roofs. And under a dome, air circulation is better, which is important in a Mediterranean climate.
18.To get to the island from the port, you have to climb several hundred stairs.
You can also use a donkey or a cable car. What suits you best.
19.One of the most famous places in Santorini is Akrotiri, called "Greek Pompeii."
It was an extremely developed Minoan city, which, like Pompeii in Italy, suffered greatly from the volcanic eruption.
Archaeological works are carried out here that reveal perfectly preserved 3-story houses built of stone blocks. Among ancient walls, the Minoan vases, furniture, inscriptions in Linear B writing, and frescoes depicting scenes from everyday life have been found. One of the most famous frescoes depicts two boys carrying fish.
20.Imerovigli is the highest point above the entire caldera. It is often called the "Santorini's balcony."
It is a place with a perfect view of the panorama. From here, ancient soldiers were scouting for approaching enemy ships.
At first, it was used by the Greeks, then the Venetians who built a fortress of strategic importance on the Sykros Mountain. Around the defensive infrastructure, islanders built a settlement of about 200 houses. Until the eighteenth century, the settlement was the island's capital. The fortress and village were utterly destroyed during numerous earthquakes.